Damask is a sophisticated, floral-patterned fabric, damask has reversed colors on opposing sides. Upholstery fabrics are designed to take more wear as they're usually a little more heavy and more durable than multi-purpose or drapery and curtain weight fabrics. Linen is a natural fiber obtained from the flax plant. Linen is durable and has a natural luster. Boucle can be identified by its curled or looped surface, this material is heavier than many other upholstery fabrics. Thread count refers to the number of threads per square inch of an upholstery fabric; just like you see when you buy linens for the bed. Autos typically are clad in either leather or cloth, ranging from ultra expensive to the very basic. Vinyl (Poly Vinyl Chloride) is a manufactured thermoplastic fiber. Vinyl is noted for its strength and ability to resist weathering. Rarely used alone, nylon is usually blended with other fibers to make it one of the strongest upholstery fabrics. Because leather is a natural product, it absorbs dyes and reacts differently to treatments from hide to hide. For the ultimate in spill and stain resistance, however, synthetic fibers such as vinyl are used extensively for uphostery fabric. When purchasing an upholstered piece or upholstery fabric, be aware that the higher the thread count, the more tightly woven the fabric is, and the better it will wear. Your upholstery and drapery are what typically give your room that comfort factor that is sometimes hard to achieve. Chenille upholstery fabric comes in many different styles and colors, including patterns and textures. Jacquard is an intricate fabric that features a variegated weave or multi-color pattern. Acrylic is a synthetic fiber and was developed as imitation wool. Trevira is a manufactured fiber belonging to the polyester group of fibers. Trevira fabrics are durable, lightfast, and drape well. A special type of Trevira, Trevira CS, is inherently and permanently flame retardant. For a slightly retro or timelessly Scottish look, tartan plaid is another superb choice for seat or couch coverings. High-quality acrylics are manufactured to pill significantly less. Easy-care and less expensive than leather, vinyl is ideal for busy family living and dining rooms and, durability depends on quality. Cotton is a fabric or yarn made from cotton fibers that have been obtained from the seed pod of the cotton plant. It is soft, breathable, and the most widely used natural fiber. Upholstering for specific uses, such as in automobiles and boats, generally has a narrower set of upholstery fabric options. Widely used for upholstery, drapery and garments. Acrylic resists wear, wrinkling, soiling, and fading. Cotton can also be washed. Velvet was originally made from silk for royalty. Silk is so delicate that although it can be hand-washed it is best sent to the dry-cleaners. Full grain leather is a top grain leather with all its natural texture (grain) intact. Larger rooms can carry larger prints and bolder colors and even combinations of patterns and prints. Consider the size of the pattern on the piece of upholstery fabric. Consider whether it is appropriate for the size of the furniture it is covering, as well as the room size. Acetate is a manufactured fiber made of cellulose acetate obtained from wood pulp. Acetate has a soft feel, a luxurious appearance, and drapes well. It resists shrinking, moths, and mildew. Velvet is a short, dense, cut-pile woven fabric with a luxurious feel and appearance. Chenille is also used for bedspreads and garments. Polyurethane is a manmade organic polymer with high elongation and strength. Polyurethane is often used in elastic and plastic or vinyl like textiles. What type of upholstery fabric should you choose? When blended with wool, polyester can cause pilling. Polypropylene is a manufactured fiber that is a type of Olefin. Polypropylene is quick drying, stain resistant, and exceptionally strong. Chambray is a lightweight plain weave cotton fabric similar to denim. Chambray is woven on a colored warp with white fill yarns. Acetate offers only fair resistance to soil and tends to wear, wrinkle, and fade in the sun. Today velvet is available in both silk and cotton. Cotton is a popular plant based fiber that is used extensively for many kinds of upholstery fabric. Silk is derived from silk worms and has been a symbol of luxury since forever. Avoid delicately colored upholstery fabrics around children and pets. i.e. White is going to appear dirty fast.