Autos typically are clad in either leather or cloth, ranging from ultra expensive to the very basic. Surface treatments and blending with other fibers often atone for these weaknesses. Trevira is a manufactured fiber belonging to the polyester group of fibers. Trevira fabrics are durable, lightfast, and drape well. A special type of Trevira, Trevira CS, is inherently and permanently flame retardant. For the ultimate in spill and stain resistance, however, synthetic fibers such as vinyl are used extensively for uphostery fabric. Depending on the weave, cotton blends can be sturdy, family-friendly fabrics. A stain-resistant finish should be applied for everyday use. Faux Suede is a fabric woven with a nap to resemble suede. Today’s faux suede is primarily made of microdenier polyester. As spring and summer bloom, linen and cotton in bright, happy tones suit the mood. Latex is a substance often used as a back coating on fabrics to make them easier to upholster. It is a milky white liquid that is extracted from the rubber tree, milkweed plant, or the poppy family. Jacquard is a fabric having woven patterns such as tapestries, brocades, and damasks. Jacquard designs may be simple or very elaborate. Acetate offers only fair resistance to soil and tends to wear, wrinkle, and fade in the sun. Consider the size of the pattern on the piece of upholstery fabric. Consider whether it is appropriate for the size of the furniture it is covering, as well as the room size. Linen is a natural fiber obtained from the flax plant. Linen is durable and has a natural luster. Is your furniture in a traditionally themed living room that is only used on occasion? This tough material can be gently vacuumed, wiped with a damp cloth and cleaned with leather conditioner or saddle soap. Chenille is a yarn with a fuzzy pile protruding from all sides. Chenille uphostery fabric is a soft tufted cord of silk, cotton, or worsted used in embroidery or for fringing. Acrylic is a manufactured fiber made with synthetic materials. Acrylic may have the look of wool, cotton, or other fabric blends. It is colorfast, moth resistant, quick drying, and retains shape. Linen is best suited for formal living rooms or adult areas because it soils and wrinkles easily. Developed as imitation silk, acetate can withstand mildew, pilling, and shrinking. Widely used for upholstery, drapery and garments. Washable is a fabric that is washable resists fading and shrinking during the laundering process, using cold water or dry cleaning method. Rayon is a manufactured fiber composed of regenerated cellulose which is processed from wood pulp. Rayon is characterized by it high absorbency, soft hand, and drapability. It can imitate the feel and texture of silk, wool, cotton, or linen. Damask is characterized by elaborate floral motifs that are usually monochromatic or a maximum of two colors in matte and polished weave combinations. Linen is a very strong and sturdy fabric, even more so than cotton. This natural fiber provides good resistance to wear, fading, and pilling. It is less resistant to soil, wrinkling, and fire. Velvet is a short, dense, cut-pile woven fabric with a luxurious feel and appearance. Chenille tends to be a family favorite upholstery fabric. Acrylic is a synthetic fiber and was developed as imitation wool. Dye Lot is a batch of fabric or yarn that has been dyed at the same time. There may be some color variation from lot to lot. Olefin is a manufactured fiber that is strong and very lightweight. Jacquard is a heavier fabric that tends to be multicolored and used for upholstery, as well as drapery. Low-quality acrylic may pill excessively in areas that receive high degrees of abrasion. Chambray is a lightweight plain weave cotton fabric similar to denim. Chambray is woven on a colored warp with white fill yarns. Full grain leather is a top grain leather with all its natural texture (grain) intact. Chenille is commonly used for bedspreads or rugs, but makes an excellent fabric choice for upholstery. Upholstering for specific uses, such as in automobiles and boats, generally has a narrower set of upholstery fabric options. Silk has a very soft hand and can be woven into nubby informal textures and shimmering paper-thin sheets. Muslin is a plain woven fabric that comes in various weights. Upholstery fabrics can be used for arts and crafts. Chenille is soft to the touch and very popular as an upholstery fabric for sofas and chairs. Durability and use depend on the weave and finish. Damask weaves are formal; canvas (duck and sailcloth) is more casual and more durable. There are many different choices for upholstery fabric. Leather furniture can be rather expensive, although the same look can be achieved with the use of fake leather uphostery fabric. Toile de Jouy dates back to 18th century France, and is a cotton print. Cotton is quite popular because like any natural fiber, it’s inherently strong and comfortable.