The unifying element might be color, a type of print or a game of textures. Duck is a strong, durable, plain woven fabric made from either cotton or flax. It is characterized by a tight weave and looks similar to canvas, but is much lighter. Tweed and wool are direct from the world of men's fashion. Larger rooms can carry larger prints and bolder colors and even combinations of patterns and prints. Matelasse is a heavy fabric with a soft hand. Matelasse has the appearance of being puffy or quilted. Chenille is also used for bedspreads and garments. Velvet has one plush side and one plain woven side. Mohair is a very desirable fabric or yarn made from the long silky hair of the Angora goat. Mohair is characterized by its luster and exceptional strength. Acrylic is a synthetic fiber and was developed as imitation wool. Color is the most important reason people choose a fabric, so make sure your color choice is appropriate. Muslin is a plain woven fabric that comes in various weights. Consider the luxuries of silk upholstery fabric and its gorgeous appeal. This natural fiber provides good resistance to wear, fading, and pilling. It is less resistant to soil, wrinkling, and fire. Dry Cleanable is a fabric that is dry cleanable, can be cleaned with chemical solvents instead of water. Jacquard is a fabric having woven patterns such as tapestries, brocades, and damasks. Jacquard designs may be simple or very elaborate. Widely used for upholstery, drapery and garments. Polyurethane is a manmade organic polymer with high elongation and strength. Polyurethane is often used in elastic and plastic or vinyl like textiles. All leathers display a variety of unique natural markings and variations in color. Upholstery fabric has so many choices, colors, textures. We also offer a complete line of indoor-outdoor fabrics which are perfect for upholstering furniture that will be used every day and perfect if you have kids or pets. Sheer fabric is commonly known as tulle or mesh. Wool is a natural fiber obtained from the fleece of sheep, lamb, Angora goat, or Cashmere goat. Specialty wool fibers are obtained from the camel, alpaca, llama, or vicuna. Wools are characterized by their fine, soft, wavy appearance. Choosing an upholstery fabric's color is the single biggest factor in fabric selection. Tapestry is a heavy, flat-woven fabric features elaborate designs appropriate for various uses throughout the home. Chenille is made from woven yard loops that are then cut to expose a tuft. Easy-care and less expensive than leather, vinyl is ideal for busy family living and dining rooms and, durability depends on quality. Linen is a very strong and sturdy fabric, even more so than cotton. Your upholstery and drapery are what typically give your room that comfort factor that is sometimes hard to achieve. Tweed and wool bring warmth to any piece of furniture and are just perfect for northern retreats. What type of fabric should you choose? Generally, wool is blended with a synthetic fiber to make it easier to clean and to reduce the possibility of felting the fibers (causing them to bond together until they resemble felt). Although it requires an investment, having an extra set of drapery, slipcovers and pillow covers allows you to adapt your interior design to the changing seasons. Upholstery fabrics are sometimes light enough for window treatments and slipcovers. Sailcloth or Canvas are rigid fabrics are normally made of cotton and used for upholstery and slipcovers. There are many different choices for upholstery fabric. Small or dimly lit rooms benefit from the use of plain fabrics, vertically striped fabrics or fabrics with a small motif. Linen is another plant derived fiber, and shares many similarities with cotton. Acetate is a manufactured fiber made of cellulose acetate obtained from wood pulp. Acetate has a soft feel, a luxurious appearance, and drapes well. It resists shrinking, moths, and mildew. Cotton is quite popular because like any natural fiber, it’s inherently strong and comfortable. Nylon is the generic name for a group of chemically related fibers and was introduced by DuPont in 1939. Denim is a durable cotton fabric usually characterized by diagonal (twill) lines. Traditionally denim was indigo blue; however, today it is available in a wide range of colors. Because leather is a natural product, it absorbs dyes and reacts differently to treatments from hide to hide. Viscose is a manufactured fiber belonging to the rayon family, composed of regenerated cellulose. Viscose is characterized by its soft hand and drapability. Cotton can also be washed. Olefin is a good choice for furniture that will receive heavy wear; however, it lacks the pliability and movement that natural fibers offer. Today’s consumer is looking for “natural fabrics” and lots of textural interest. Rarely used alone in upholstery, polyester is blended with other fibers to add wrinkle resistance, eliminate crushing of napped fabrics, and reduce fading. Upholstery fabrics are designed to take more wear. Determine where your upholstered pieces will be used in the home. Chenille is commonly used for bedspreads or rugs, but makes an excellent choice for upholstery. Backing is a sprayed coating or another layer of fabric applied to the back of fabric. A backing may be needed to give the face fabric more body or to make it more appropriate for upholstery. Linen is a natural fiber obtained from the flax plant. Linen is durable and has a natural luster. For the ultimate in spill and stain resistance, however, synthetic fibers such as vinyl are used extensively. Cotton is a popular plant based fiber that is used extensively for many kinds of fabric. Chenille tends to be a family favorite. Silk has a very soft hand and can be woven into nubby informal textures and shimmering paper-thin sheets. The Jacquard loom is capable of weaving intricate patterns with many layers and many threads at the same time. Soiled linen upholstery must be professionally cleaned to avoid shrinking. Linen is best to wash it in cold water to avoid shrinkage. Velveteen is made from thick woven cotton and is available with ridges known as corduroy. Nylon is very resilient; in a blend, it helps eliminate the crushing of napped fabrics such as velvet. Cotton is the most used fabric in the world. It can breathe. Chambray is a lightweight plain weave cotton fabric similar to denim. Chambray is woven on a colored warp with white fill yarns. Choose an upholstery fabric based on who will be using that piece of furniture. Low-quality acrylic may pill excessively in areas that receive high degrees of abrasion. Developed as imitation silk, acetate can withstand mildew, pilling, and shrinking. Jacquard's name comes from the type of weave used to produce the fabric. Chenille is soft to the touch and very popular as an upholstery fabric for sofas and chairs. Latex is a substance often used as a back coating on fabrics to make them easier to upholster. It is a milky white liquid that is extracted from the rubber tree, milkweed plant, or the poppy family. Trevira is a manufactured fiber belonging to the polyester group of fibers. Trevira fabrics are durable, lightfast, and drape well. A special type of Trevira, Trevira CS, is inherently and permanently flame retardant. Polyester was also introduced by DuPont in the 1950’s. Woven fabric patterns hold up longer than printed ones. Autos typically are clad in either leather or cloth, ranging from ultra expensive to the very basic. Durability and use depend on the weave and finish. Damask weaves are formal; canvas (duck and sailcloth) is more casual and more durable. Nylon is a manufactured fiber that is exceptionally strong, elastic, and lustrous. Cotton is a fabric or yarn made from cotton fibers that have been obtained from the seed pod of the cotton plant. It is soft, breathable, and the most widely used natural fiber. It may make more sense to avoid a very bold fabric color for a smaller room, especially if your furniture piece is also large. Cotton is a fiber that grows out of a plant and is woven in many forms. The nap (or hand) of chenille lasts forever. Railroaded is a fabric that is railroaded is applied to furniture at a 90 degree angle from the way it appears on the roll. Washable is a fabric that is washable resists fading and shrinking during the laundering process, using cold water or dry cleaning method. Depending on the weave, cotton blends can be sturdy, family-friendly fabrics. A stain-resistant finish should be applied for everyday use. Cotton is best ironed when the fabric is damp. Silk is so delicate that although it can be hand-washed it is best sent to the dry-cleaners. Polypropylene is a manufactured fiber that is a type of Olefin. Polypropylene is quick drying, stain resistant, and exceptionally strong. Thread count refers to the number of threads per square inch of fabric; just like you see when you buy linens for the bed. Damask is a sophisticated, floral-patterned fabric, damask has reversed colors on opposing sides. When blended with wool, polyester can cause pilling. Some fabrics appear casual, while others might look more formal. Consider the syle of the piece when choosing. Also consider the style of your interior decor. Some aspects of choosing upholstery fabric might seem pretty obvious like selecting a color. Consider the style of your furniture as well as its function to help when choosing the type of upholstery fabric. Acetate offers only fair resistance to soil and tends to wear, wrinkle, and fade in the sun. The natural fabrics are cotton, linen and silk. Up the Bolt is a fabric that is up the bolt is applied to furniture exactly the way it is made on the roll. This is often necessary to keep designs in the proper direction. Up the bolt fabrics may result in seams on some styles. Olefin is derived from petroleum, and can mimic wool in appearance.