Duck is a strong, durable, plain woven fabric made from either cotton or flax. It is characterized by a tight weave and looks similar to canvas, but is much lighter. Upholstery fabric has so many choices, colors, textures. Nylon is a manufactured fiber that is exceptionally strong, elastic, and lustrous. Tapestry is a heavy, flat-woven fabric features elaborate designs appropriate for various uses throughout the home. Today’s consumer is looking for “natural fabrics” and lots of textural interest. Backing is a sprayed coating or another layer of fabric applied to the back of fabric. A backing may be needed to give the face fabric more body or to make it more appropriate for upholstery. All leathers display a variety of unique natural markings and variations in color. Olefin is a good choice for furniture that will receive heavy wear; however, it lacks the pliability and movement that natural fibers offer. Nylon is very resilient; in a blend, it helps eliminate the crushing of napped fabrics such as velvet. Wool is obtained from sheep fleece and the term”virgin wool” denotes new, not recycled wool. Damask can be made of cotton, silk or synthetic fabrics and is commonly used for drapery and upholstery. Rarely used alone in upholstery, polyester is blended with other fibers to add wrinkle resistance, eliminate crushing of napped fabrics, and reduce fading. Chenille comes in many different styles and colors, including patterns and textures. Toile de Jouy dates back to 18th century France, and is a cotton print. Full grain leather is a top grain leather with all its natural texture (grain) intact. Low-quality acrylic may pill excessively in areas that receive high degrees of abrasion. Washable is a fabric that is washable resists fading and shrinking during the laundering process, using cold water or dry cleaning method. Damask is a sophisticated, floral-patterned fabric, damask has reversed colors on opposing sides. Marine furniture requires a significant amount of heat and water resistance, resulting in heavy uses of vinyl and polyester. Upholstery fabrics are sometimes light enough for window treatments and slipcovers. Larger rooms can carry larger prints and bolder colors and even combinations of patterns and prints. Mohair is a very desirable fabric or yarn made from the long silky hair of the Angora goat. Mohair is characterized by its luster and exceptional strength. The weight of tweed and wool fabrics makes them perfect for upholstery and drapery. When executed properly, a mix of fabrics can be beautiful. The challenge is to find a few fabrics with a common thread that ties the combination together. Upholstery fabrics are designed to take more wear as they're usually a little more heavy and more durable than multi-purpose or drapery and curtain weight fabrics. Polyester is a manufactured fiber that is resistant to stretching and shrinking. It is also quick drying, wrinkle resistant, and strong. To set the mood, take the color temperature into consideration. Since warm and cool colors affect the mood of the room, try choosing the right upholstery fabric for the right mood. Acrylic fibers are also man made and include such brand names as Orlon, Acrilan, Dolan and Dralon. High-quality acrylics are manufactured to pill significantly less. Silk is derived from silk worms and has been a symbol of luxury since forever. Olefin is derived from petroleum, and can mimic wool in appearance. Developed as imitation silk, acetate can withstand mildew, pilling, and shrinking. Boucle is a fabric or yarn with a looped surface. Jacquard is an intricate fabric that features a variegated weave or multi-color pattern. We also offer a complete line of indoor-outdoor fabrics which are perfect for upholstering furniture that will be used every day and perfect if you have kids or pets. Durability and use depend on the weave and finish. Damask weaves are formal; canvas (duck and sailcloth) is more casual and more durable. Railroaded is a fabric that is railroaded is applied to furniture at a 90 degree angle from the way it appears on the roll. Cotton is a fiber that grows out of a plant and is woven in many forms. Up the Bolt is a fabric that is up the bolt is applied to furniture exactly the way it is made on the roll. This is often necessary to keep designs in the proper direction. Up the bolt fabrics may result in seams on some styles. The attractiveness of the napped suede look has lead to microsuede gaining in popularity in upholstery fabric applications, replicating the feel of real suede and adding stain resistance and durability, in addition to lower costs. A large bold fabric pattern might work better in a larger room, while a smaller pattern might be a happier choice for a smaller space. Cotton is quite popular because like any natural fiber, it’s inherently strong and comfortable. Linen is a delicate fabric and does not withstand heavy wear; however, linen does resist pilling and fading. Upholstery in high traffic areas or pieces subjected to daily heavy wear need to be covered in tough, durable, tightly woven fabrics. Some aspects of choosing upholstery fabric might seem pretty obvious like selecting a color. Velveteen is made from thick woven cotton and is available with ridges known as corduroy. The Jacquard loom is capable of weaving intricate patterns with many layers and many threads at the same time. Fabrics are versatile and allow for quick and inexpensive reinventions. Choosing an upholstery fabric's color is the single biggest factor in fabric selection. Linen is another plant derived fiber, and shares many similarities with cotton. While Chenille is extremely cozy, it's also excellent at hiding dirt. If you’re considering purchasing designer upholstery fabric for your furniture, do some research and consider the following to make sure you decide on the right fabric. Autos typically are clad in either leather or cloth, ranging from ultra expensive to the very basic. Polyurethane is a manmade organic polymer with high elongation and strength. Polyurethane is often used in elastic and plastic or vinyl like textiles. Acetate offers only fair resistance to soil and tends to wear, wrinkle, and fade in the sun. Is your furniture in a traditionally themed living room that is only used on occasion? Cotton is best ironed when the fabric is damp. Acrylic resists wear, wrinkling, soiling, and fading. Upholstery is the art of providing furniture with padding and covering. Pure Aniline or Full Aniline is the most natural type of leather. Wool blends can be spot-cleaned when necessary. Faux Suede is a fabric woven with a nap to resemble suede. Today’s faux suede is primarily made of microdenier polyester. Silk is a delicate fabric and only suitable for adult areas, such as formal living rooms and must be professionally cleaned if soiled. Woven fabric patterns hold up longer than printed ones. There are many different choices for upholstery fabric. Sailcloth or Canvas are rigid fabrics are normally made of cotton and used for upholstery and slipcovers. Damask is characterized by elaborate floral motifs that are usually monochromatic or a maximum of two colors in matte and polished weave combinations. Boucle can be identified by its curled or looped surface, this material is heavier than many other upholstery fabrics. Cotton is a popular plant based fiber that is used extensively for many kinds of fabric. A piece of furniture covered in chenille will still look new in 10 years, depending on how well you take care of it. Chenille is French for “caterpillar,” chenille has a thick, soft pile and is one of today’s most popular fabrics. It was originally used in the 1800’s to block drafts at doors and windows. Rayon is a manufactured fiber composed of regenerated cellulose which is processed from wood pulp. Rayon is characterized by it high absorbency, soft hand, and drapability. It can imitate the feel and texture of silk, wool, cotton, or linen. Matelasse is a heavy fabric with a soft hand. Matelasse has the appearance of being puffy or quilted. Consider the style of your furniture as well as its function to help when choosing the type of upholstery fabric. Silks are manufactured by worms. Sturdy and durable, wool and wool blends offer good resistance to pilling, fading, wrinkling, and soil. Nylon is the generic name for a group of chemically related fibers and was introduced by DuPont in 1939. Some fabrics appear casual, while others might look more formal. Consider the syle of the piece when choosing. Also consider the style of your interior decor. Polyamide is a manufactured fiber that is a type of nylon. Polyamide is known for its exceptional strength, elasticity, and luster. Easy-care and less expensive than leather, vinyl is ideal for busy family living and dining rooms and, durability depends on quality. Linen is best suited for formal living rooms or adult areas because it soils and wrinkles easily. Olefin is a manufactured fiber that is strong and very lightweight. The nap (or hand) of chenille lasts forever. Determine where your upholstered pieces will be used in the home.