Acrylic is a manufactured fiber made with synthetic materials. Acrylic may have the look of wool, cotton, or other fabric blends. It is colorfast, moth resistant, quick drying, and retains shape. Durability and use depend on the weave and finish. Damask weaves are formal; canvas (duck and sailcloth) is more casual and more durable. Vinyl (Poly Vinyl Chloride) is a manufactured thermoplastic fiber. Vinyl is noted for its strength and ability to resist weathering. When executed properly, a mix of fabrics can be beautiful. The challenge is to find a few fabrics with a common thread that ties the combination together. Matelasse is a heavy fabric with a soft hand. Matelasse has the appearance of being puffy or quilted. Chenille is also used for bedspreads and garments. Toile de Jouy dates back to 18th century France, and is a cotton print. To set the mood, take the color temperature into consideration. Since warm and cool colors affect the mood of the room, try choosing the right upholstery fabric for the right mood. Avoid delicately colored fabrics around children and pets. i.e. White is going to appear dirty fast. Chenille is soft to the touch and very popular as an upholstery fabric for sofas and chairs. Linen is a natural fiber obtained from the flax plant. Linen is durable and has a natural luster. Cotton is a popular plant based fiber that is used extensively for many kinds of fabric. Damask is a lustrous fabric (such as linen, cotton, silk, or rayon) that is characterized by its flat, glossy pattern on a solid background. The natural fabrics are cotton, linen and silk. Woven fabric patterns hold up longer than printed ones. Viscose is a manufactured fiber belonging to the rayon family, composed of regenerated cellulose. Viscose is characterized by its soft hand and drapability. Widely used for upholstery, drapery and garments. Polyurethane is a manmade organic polymer with high elongation and strength. Polyurethane is often used in elastic and plastic or vinyl like textiles. Because leather is a natural product, it absorbs dyes and reacts differently to treatments from hide to hide. Upholstery fabric has so many choices, colors, textures. We also offer a complete line of indoor-outdoor fabrics which are perfect for upholstering furniture that will be used every day and perfect if you have kids or pets. Sheer fabric is commonly known as tulle or mesh. Silks are manufactured by worms. While Chenille is extremely cozy, it's also excellent at hiding dirt. Linen is another plant derived fiber, and shares many similarities with cotton. Velvet has one plush side and one plain woven side. Acrylic resists wear, wrinkling, soiling, and fading. Velvet is used in everything from garments and upholstery to bedspreads and drapery. Damask is characterized by elaborate floral motifs that are usually monochromatic or a maximum of two colors in matte and polished weave combinations. Color is the most important reason people choose a fabric, so make sure your color choice is appropriate. Nylon is the generic name for a group of chemically related fibers and was introduced by DuPont in 1939. Chenille is made from woven yard loops that are then cut to expose a tuft. During fall and winter, it is inviting to be surrounded by the warmth of velvet and chenille in deep and sober colors. What type of fabric should you choose? Jacquard is a heavier fabric that tends to be multicolored and used for upholstery, as well as drapery. Today’s consumer is looking for “natural fabrics” and lots of textural interest. Polypropylene is a manufactured fiber that is a type of Olefin. Polypropylene is quick drying, stain resistant, and exceptionally strong. The right upholstery can completely transform the look and feel of your furniture. Sailcloth or Canvas are available in solids, stripes and prints. Washable is a fabric that is washable resists fading and shrinking during the laundering process, using cold water or dry cleaning method. Velvet is a short, dense, cut-pile woven fabric with a luxurious feel and appearance. Silk has a very soft hand and can be woven into nubby informal textures and shimmering paper-thin sheets. Today velvet is available in both silk and cotton. Acetate is a manufactured fiber made of cellulose acetate obtained from wood pulp. Acetate has a soft feel, a luxurious appearance, and drapes well. It resists shrinking, moths, and mildew. Sofas, chairs, and ottomans receiving only moderate amounts of wear will do fine with a less durable fabrics. The attractiveness of the napped suede look has lead to microsuede gaining in popularity in upholstery fabric applications, replicating the feel of real suede and adding stain resistance and durability, in addition to lower costs. Leather is a very popular choice as an upholstery fabric, as it is delightfully soft yet resistant to spills and stains. There are natural fabrics such as mohair, wools and cashmeres, which are made from sheered and woven animal fur. Muslin is a plain woven fabric that comes in various weights. It may make more sense to avoid a very bold fabric color for a smaller room, especially if your furniture piece is also large. Nylon doesn’t readily soil or wrinkle, but it does tend to fade and pill. When purchasing an upholstered piece or upholstery fabric, be aware that the higher the thread count, the more tightly woven the fabric is, and the better it will wear. Polyester is a manufactured fiber that is resistant to stretching and shrinking. It is also quick drying, wrinkle resistant, and strong. Consider the style of your furniture as well as its function to help when choosing the type of upholstery fabric. Leather furniture can be rather expensive, although the same look can be achieved with the use of fake leather. Tapestry is a heavy, flat-woven fabric features elaborate designs appropriate for various uses throughout the home. Wool is a natural fiber obtained from the fleece of sheep, lamb, Angora goat, or Cashmere goat. Specialty wool fibers are obtained from the camel, alpaca, llama, or vicuna. Wools are characterized by their fine, soft, wavy appearance. Sturdy and durable, wool and wool blends offer good resistance to pilling, fading, wrinkling, and soil. Dry Cleanable is a fabric that is dry cleanable, can be cleaned with chemical solvents instead of water. Wool blends can be spot-cleaned when necessary. Choosing an upholstery fabric's color is the single biggest factor in fabric selection. Faux Suede is a fabric woven with a nap to resemble suede. Today’s faux suede is primarily made of microdenier polyester. Upholstery fabrics can be used for arts and crafts. Upholstery fabrics are usually a little heavier and more durable than multi-purpose or drapery-weight fabrics. Backing is a sprayed coating or another layer of fabric applied to the back of fabric. A backing may be needed to give the face fabric more body or to make it more appropriate for upholstery. Cotton is a fabric or yarn made from cotton fibers that have been obtained from the seed pod of the cotton plant. It is soft, breathable, and the most widely used natural fiber. Jacquard's name comes from the type of weave used to produce the fabric. Mohair is a very desirable fabric or yarn made from the long silky hair of the Angora goat. Mohair is characterized by its luster and exceptional strength. Chenille tends to be a family favorite. Velveteen or Corduroy is similar to velvet. Acetate is a synthetic fiber made from cellulose acetate. A large bold fabric pattern might work better in a larger room, while a smaller pattern might be a happier choice for a smaller space. Boucle can be identified by its curled or looped surface, this material is heavier than many other upholstery fabrics. Cotton is quite popular because like any natural fiber, it’s inherently strong and comfortable. The nap (or hand) of chenille lasts forever. Your upholstery and drapery are what typically give your room that comfort factor that is sometimes hard to achieve. Generally, wool is blended with a synthetic fiber to make it easier to clean and to reduce the possibility of felting the fibers (causing them to bond together until they resemble felt). Some fabrics appear casual, while others might look more formal. Consider the syle of the piece when choosing. Also consider the style of your interior decor. Pure Aniline or Full Aniline is the most natural type of leather. Chenille is commonly used for bedspreads or rugs, but makes an excellent choice for upholstery. Determine where your upholstered pieces will be used in the home.