Fabrics are versatile and allow for quick and inexpensive reinventions. Chambray is a lightweight plain weave cotton fabric similar to denim. Chambray is woven on a colored warp with white fill yarns. Widely used for upholstery, drapery and garments. Just like in fashion, you can dramatically change the look of your home by changing the fabrics that surround you. Dry Cleanable is a fabric that is dry cleanable, can be cleaned with chemical solvents instead of water. Linen is a very strong and sturdy fabric, even more so than cotton. Consider the luxuries of silk upholstery fabric and its gorgeous appeal. Washable is a fabric that is washable resists fading and shrinking during the laundering process, using cold water or dry cleaning method. Velvet is a short, dense, cut-pile woven fabric with a luxurious feel and appearance. Silk is a delicate fabric and only suitable for adult areas, such as formal living rooms and must be professionally cleaned if soiled. Consider higher thread counts when purchasing a designer upholstery fabric. Jacquard is a fabric having woven patterns such as tapestries, brocades, and damasks. Jacquard designs may be simple or very elaborate. What type of upholstery fabric should you choose? Linen is a delicate fabric and does not withstand heavy wear; however, linen does resist pilling and fading. Boucle is a fabric or yarn with a looped surface. A piece of furniture covered in chenille will still look new in 10 years, depending on how well you take care of it. Acetate is a manufactured fiber made of cellulose acetate obtained from wood pulp. Acetate has a soft feel, a luxurious appearance, and drapes well. It resists shrinking, moths, and mildew. Today’s consumer is looking for “natural fabrics” and lots of textural interest. Easy-care and less expensive than leather, vinyl is ideal for busy family living and dining rooms and, durability depends on quality. Cotton is the most used fabric in the world. It can breathe. Latex is a substance often used as a back coating on fabrics to make them easier to upholster. It is a milky white liquid that is extracted from the rubber tree, milkweed plant, or the poppy family. Damask is a sophisticated, floral-patterned fabric, damask has reversed colors on opposing sides. Microfiber, which has increased in popularity over the years, is a blend of polyester and polyamide. It may make more sense to avoid a very bold upholstery fabric color for a smaller room, especially if your furniture piece is also large. Velvet is used in everything from garments and upholstery to bedspreads and drapery. Jacquard is an intricate fabric that features a variegated weave or multi-color pattern. There are many different choices for upholstery fabric. Up the Bolt is a fabric that is up the bolt is applied to furniture exactly the way it is made on the roll. This is often necessary to keep designs in the proper direction. Up the bolt fabrics may result in seams on some styles. Your upholstery and drapery are what typically give your room that comfort factor that is sometimes hard to achieve. Upholstery is the art of providing furniture with padding and covering. Leather furniture can be rather expensive, although the same look can be achieved with the use of fake leather. Polyurethane is a manmade organic polymer with high elongation and strength. Polyurethane is often used in elastic and plastic or vinyl like textiles. Linen is best to wash it in cold water to avoid shrinkage. Muslin is a plain woven fabric that comes in various weights. Chenille comes in many different styles and colors, including patterns and textures. For the ultimate in spill and stain resistance, however, synthetic fibers such as vinyl are used extensively. Silks are manufactured by worms. Thread count refers to the number of threads per square inch of fabric; just like you see when you buy linens for the bed. Microdenier / Microfiber is a yarn made of fibers that tend to be thinner than a silkworm’s web. Most microfibers are synthetics such as polyester, nylon, acrylic, or rayon. Upholstering for specific uses, such as in automobiles and boats, generally has a narrower set of upholstery fabric options. Sturdy and durable, wool and wool blends offer good resistance to pilling, fading, wrinkling, and soil. Jacquard's name comes from the type of weave used to produce the fabric. Consider the size of the pattern on the piece of upholstery fabric. Consider whether it is appropriate for the size of the furniture it is covering, as well as the room size. Color is the most important reason people choose an upholstery fabric, so make sure your color choice is appropriate. Choose an upholstery fabric based on who will be using that piece of furniture. Backing is a sprayed coating or another layer of fabric applied to the back of fabric. A backing may be needed to give the face fabric more body or to make it more appropriate for upholstery. To set the mood, take the color temperature into consideration. Since warm and cool colors affect the mood of the room, try choosing the right upholstery fabric for the right mood. Cotton is best ironed when the fabric is damp. Woven fabric patterns hold up longer than printed ones. Rarely used alone, nylon is usually blended with other fibers to make it one of the strongest upholstery fabrics. Toile de Jouy dates back to 18th century France, and is a cotton print. Acetate offers only fair resistance to soil and tends to wear, wrinkle, and fade in the sun. Upholstery fabrics are designed to take more wear. Rayon is a manufactured fiber composed of regenerated cellulose which is processed from wood pulp. Rayon is characterized by it high absorbency, soft hand, and drapability. It can imitate the feel and texture of silk, wool, cotton, or linen. Wool blends can be spot-cleaned when necessary. Acrylic resists wear, wrinkling, soiling, and fading. Generally, wool is blended with a synthetic fiber to make it easier to clean and to reduce the possibility of felting the fibers (causing them to bond together until they resemble felt). Olefin is a good choice for furniture that will receive heavy wear; however, it lacks the pliability and movement that natural fibers offer. Full grain leather is a top grain leather with all its natural texture (grain) intact. Wool is obtained from sheep fleece and the term”virgin wool” denotes new, not recycled wool. Acrylic fibers are also man made and include such brand names as Orlon, Acrilan, Dolan and Dralon. Chenille is soft to the touch and very popular as an upholstery fabric for sofas and chairs. Developed as an imitation silk, linen, and cotton, rayon is durable, yet wrinkles easily. Recent developments have made high-quality rayon very practical. Cotton is a fiber that grows out of a plant and is woven in many forms. Upholstery fabrics can be used for arts and crafts. Developed as imitation silk, acetate can withstand mildew, pilling, and shrinking. If you’re considering purchasing designer upholstery fabric for your furniture, do some research and consider the following to make sure you decide on the right upholstery fabric. Acrylic is a manufactured fiber made with synthetic materials. Acrylic may have the look of wool, cotton, or other fabric blends. It is colorfast, moth resistant, quick drying, and retains shape. All leathers display a variety of unique natural markings and variations in color. Upholstery fabrics are usually a little heavier and more durable than multi-purpose or drapery-weight fabrics. Jacquard is a heavier fabric that tends to be multicolored and used for upholstery, as well as drapery. During fall and winter, it is inviting to be surrounded by the warmth of velvet and chenille in deep and sober colors. Soiled linen upholstery must be professionally cleaned to avoid shrinking. Is your furniture in a traditionally themed living room that is only used on occasion? Upholstery fabric has so many choices, colors, textures. Railroaded is a fabric that is railroaded is applied to furniture at a 90 degree angle from the way it appears on the roll. Denim is a durable cotton fabric usually characterized by diagonal (twill) lines. Traditionally denim was indigo blue; however, today it is available in a wide range of colors. Silk is derived from silk worms and has been a symbol of luxury since forever. Some aspects of choosing upholstery fabric might seem pretty obvious like selecting a color. If comfort is at the top of your priority list, then chenille is the upholstery fabric for you. Depending on the weave, cotton blends can be sturdy, family-friendly fabrics. A stain-resistant finish should be applied for everyday use. Unless you happen to really like them, try to avoid trendy colors. Color trends come and go so be careful. What if you don't consider the upholstery fabric color attractive in the first place? There is more chance you'll hate it when the fabric color is not popular? Pure Aniline or Full Aniline is the most natural type of leather. Damask can be made of cotton, silk or synthetic fabrics and is commonly used for drapery and upholstery. The Jacquard loom is capable of weaving intricate patterns with many layers and many threads at the same time. Chenille is made from woven yard loops that are then cut to expose a tuft. Acetate is not a good choice for furniture that will get tough everyday use. Larger rooms can carry larger prints and bolder colors and even combinations of patterns and prints. Velveteen or Corduroy is similar to velvet. Polyester is a manufactured fiber that is resistant to stretching and shrinking. It is also quick drying, wrinkle resistant, and strong. Damask is characterized by elaborate floral motifs that are usually monochromatic or a maximum of two colors in matte and polished weave combinations. Olefin is a manufactured fiber that is strong and very lightweight. Velveteen is made from thick woven cotton and is available with ridges known as corduroy. The right upholstery can completely transform the look and feel of your furniture.