Washable is a fabric that is washable resists fading and shrinking during the laundering process, using cold water or dry cleaning method. Silk is derived from silk worms and has been a symbol of luxury since forever. Acrylic is a manufactured fiber made with synthetic materials. Acrylic may have the look of wool, cotton, or other fabric blends. It is colorfast, moth resistant, quick drying, and retains shape. Acetate offers only fair resistance to soil and tends to wear, wrinkle, and fade in the sun. While Chenille upholstery fabric is extremely cozy, it's also excellent at hiding dirt. Jacquard is an intricate fabric that features a variegated weave or multi-color pattern. Nylon is a manufactured fiber that is exceptionally strong, elastic, and lustrous. Sturdy and durable, wool and wool blends offer good resistance to pilling, fading, wrinkling, and soil. Durability and use depend on the weave and finish. Damask weaves are formal; canvas (duck and sailcloth) is more casual and more durable. Polypropylene is a manufactured fiber that is a type of Olefin. Polypropylene is quick drying, stain resistant, and exceptionally strong. Olefin is a good choice for furniture that will receive heavy wear; however, it lacks the pliability and movement that natural fibers offer. The Jacquard loom is capable of weaving intricate patterns with many layers and many threads at the same time. Acetate is not a good choice for furniture that will get tough everyday use. Jacquard is a fabric having woven patterns such as tapestries, brocades, and damasks. Jacquard designs may be simple or very elaborate. Silk has a very soft hand and can be woven into nubby informal textures and shimmering paper-thin sheets. Autos typically are clad in either leather or cloth, ranging from ultra expensive to the very basic. Linen is a very strong and sturdy fabric, even more so than cotton. Upholstery fabric has so many choices, colors, textures. Small or dimly lit rooms benefit from the use of plain fabrics, vertically striped fabrics or fabrics with a small motif. Damask is a lustrous fabric (such as linen, cotton, silk, or rayon) that is characterized by its flat, glossy pattern on a solid background. Marine furniture requires a significant amount of heat and water resistance, resulting in heavy uses of vinyl and polyester. Because leather is a natural product, it absorbs dyes and reacts differently to treatments from hide to hide. Toile is a cotton or linen fabric with a printed design depicting figures or landscapes in a single color. Chenille is a yarn with a fuzzy pile protruding from all sides. What type of upholstery fabric should you choose? Wool is obtained from sheep fleece and the term "virgin wool" denotes new, not recycled wool. Woven fabric patterns hold up longer than printed ones. If comfort is at the top of your priority list, then chenille is the upholstery fabric for you. Sofas, chairs, and ottomans receiving only moderate amounts of wear will do fine with less durable upholstery fabric. Upholstering for specific uses, such as in automobiles and boats, generally has a narrower set of upholstery fabric options. Velvet was originally made from silk for royalty. Linen upholstery fabric is another plant derived fiber, and shares many similarities with cotton. Depending on the weave, cotton blends can be sturdy, family-friendly fabrics. A stain-resistant finish should be applied for everyday use. Determine where your upholstered pieces will be used in the home before buying your upholstery fabric. As spring and summer bloom, linen and cotton in bright, happy tones suit the mood. A large bold upholstery fabric pattern might work better in a larger room, while a smaller pattern might be a happier choice for a smaller space. Toile de Jouy dates back to 18th century France, and is a cotton print. Cotton is best ironed when the fabric is damp. Chenille is commonly used for bedspreads or rugs, but makes an excellent fabric choice for upholstery. Upholstery fabrics can be used for arts and crafts. Matelasse is a heavy fabric with a soft hand. Matelasse has the appearance of being puffy or quilted. Larger rooms can carry larger prints and bolder colors and even combinations of patterns and prints. Your upholstery and drapery are what typically give your room that comfort factor that is sometimes hard to achieve. Silks are manufactured by worms. Denim is a durable cotton fabric usually characterized by diagonal (twill) lines. Traditionally denim was indigo blue; however, today it is available in a wide range of colors. Dry Cleanable is a fabric that is dry cleanable, can be cleaned with chemical solvents instead of water. Microfiber upholstery fabric, which has increased in popularity over the years, is a blend of polyester and polyamide. When blended with wool, polyester can cause pilling. Nylon doesn’t readily soil or wrinkle, but it does tend to fade and pill. Jacquard's name comes from the type of weave used to produce the fabric. Velvet is used in everything from garments and upholstery to bedspreads and drapery. The unifying element might be color, a type of print or a game of textures. Rarely used alone in upholstery, polyester is blended with other fibers to add wrinkle resistance, eliminate crushing of napped fabrics, and reduce fading. Chambray is a lightweight plain weave cotton fabric similar to denim. Chambray is woven on a colored warp with white fill yarns.