Upholstery fabric has so many choices, colors, textures. Upholstery fabrics are sometimes light enough for window treatments and slipcovers. Rarely used alone in upholstery, polyester is blended with other fibers to add wrinkle resistance, eliminate crushing of napped fabrics, and reduce fading. Chenille is commonly used for bedspreads or rugs, but makes an excellent choice for upholstery. Consider the style of your furniture as well as its function to help when choosing the type of upholstery fabric. Durability and use depend on the weave and finish. Damask weaves are formal; canvas (duck and sailcloth) is more casual and more durable. Autos typically are clad in either leather or cloth, ranging from ultra expensive to the very basic. Microfiber, which has increased in popularity over the years, is a blend of polyester and polyamide. Olefin is derived from petroleum, and can mimic wool in appearance. Velveteen is made from thick woven cotton and is available with ridges known as corduroy. Rayon is a manufactured fiber composed of regenerated cellulose which is processed from wood pulp. Rayon is characterized by it high absorbency, soft hand, and drapability. It can imitate the feel and texture of silk, wool, cotton, or linen. Denim is a durable cotton fabric usually characterized by diagonal (twill) lines. Traditionally denim was indigo blue; however, today it is available in a wide range of colors. Upholstery fabrics are usually a little heavier and more durable than multi-purpose or drapery-weight fabrics. Acetate is a synthetic fiber made from cellulose acetate. The attractiveness of the napped suede look has lead to microsuede gaining in popularity in upholstery fabric applications, replicating the feel of real suede and adding stain resistance and durability, in addition to lower costs. Chenille is A soft tufted cord of silk, cotton, or worsted used in embroidery or for fringing. This tough material can be gently vacuumed, wiped with a damp cloth and cleaned with leather conditioner or saddle soap. The unifying element might be color, a type of print or a game of textures. Marine furniture requires a significant amount of heat and water resistance, resulting in heavy uses of vinyl and polyester. Nylon doesn’t readily soil or wrinkle, but it does tend to fade and pill. Your upholstery and drapery are what typically give your room that comfort factor that is sometimes hard to achieve. Velvet is a short, dense, cut-pile woven fabric with a luxurious feel and appearance. Cotton is a popular plant based fiber that is used extensively for many kinds of fabric. Chenille is French for “caterpillar,” chenille has a thick, soft pile and is one of today’s most popular fabrics. It was originally used in the 1800’s to block drafts at doors and windows. Jacquard is a heavier fabric that tends to be multicolored and used for upholstery, as well as drapery. Today velvet is available in both silk and cotton. Nylon is the generic name for a group of chemically related fibers and was introduced by DuPont in 1939. Velvet is used in everything from garments and upholstery to bedspreads and drapery. Generally, wool is blended with a synthetic fiber to make it easier to clean and to reduce the possibility of felting the fibers (causing them to bond together until they resemble felt). When executed properly, a mix of fabrics can be beautiful. The challenge is to find a few fabrics with a common thread that ties the combination together. Some fabrics appear casual, while others might look more formal. Consider the syle of the piece when choosing. Also consider the style of your interior decor. Toile de Jouy dates back to 18th century France, and is a cotton print. Linen is best to wash it in cold water to avoid shrinkage. Dye Lot is a batch of fabric or yarn that has been dyed at the same time. There may be some color variation from lot to lot. There are many different choices for upholstery fabric. Today’s consumer is looking for “natural fabrics” and lots of textural interest. Chenille is also used for bedspreads and garments. Is your furniture in a traditionally themed living room that is only used on occasion? Some aspects of choosing upholstery fabric might seem pretty obvious like selecting a color. Ideally, upholstery fabric should compliment your room’s decor and the furniture itself while also proving practical for your needs. Unless you happen to really like them, try to avoid trendy colors. Color trends come and go so be careful. What if you don't consider the upholstery fabric color attractive in the first place? There is more chance you'll hate it when the fabric color is not popular? Vinyl (Poly Vinyl Chloride) is a manufactured thermoplastic fiber. Vinyl is noted for its strength and ability to resist weathering. Silks are manufactured by worms. Boucle can be identified by its curled or looped surface, this material is heavier than many other upholstery fabrics. Spandex is a manufactured fiber known for its high elasticity. Polyurethane is a manmade organic polymer with high elongation and strength. Polyurethane is often used in elastic and plastic or vinyl like textiles. Sailcloth or Canvas are available in solids, stripes and prints. Tweed and wool are direct from the world of men's fashion. Cotton is the most used fabric in the world. It can breathe. Soiled linen upholstery must be professionally cleaned to avoid shrinking. Jacquard is an intricate fabric that features a variegated weave or multi-color pattern. Larger rooms can carry larger prints and bolder colors and even combinations of patterns and prints. Linen is a very strong and sturdy fabric, even more so than cotton. As spring and summer bloom, linen and cotton in bright, happy tones suit the mood. Determine where your upholstered pieces will be used in the home. Upholstering for specific uses, such as in automobiles and boats, generally has a narrower set of upholstery fabric options. It may make more sense to avoid a very bold fabric color for a smaller room, especially if your furniture piece is also large. Acrylic is a synthetic fiber and was developed as imitation wool. To set the mood, take the color temperature into consideration. Since warm and cool colors affect the mood of the room, try choosing the right upholstery fabric for the right mood. There are natural fabrics such as mohair, wools and cashmeres, which are made from sheered and woven animal fur. High-quality acrylics are manufactured to pill significantly less. Wool blends can be spot-cleaned when necessary. The weight of tweed and wool fabrics makes them perfect for upholstery and drapery. Surface treatments and blending with other fibers often atone for these weaknesses. Sailcloth or Canvas are rigid fabrics are normally made of cotton and used for upholstery and slipcovers. Upholstery fabrics are designed to take more wear.