Backing is a sprayed coating or another layer of fabric applied to the back of fabric. A backing may be needed to give the face fabric more body or to make it more appropriate for upholstery. Wool blends can be spot-cleaned when necessary. Vinyl (Poly Vinyl Chloride) is a manufactured thermoplastic fiber. Vinyl is noted for its strength and ability to resist weathering. Rarely used alone in upholstery, polyester is blended with other fibers to add wrinkle resistance, eliminate crushing of napped fabrics, and reduce fading. Determine where your upholstered pieces will be used in the home before buying your upholstery fabric. The attractiveness of the napped suede look has lead to microsuede gaining in popularity in upholstery fabric applications, replicating the feel of real suede and adding stain resistance and durability, in addition to lower costs. Trevira is a manufactured fiber belonging to the polyester group of fibers. Trevira fabrics are durable, lightfast, and drape well. A special type of Trevira, Trevira CS, is inherently and permanently flame retardant. Acrylic is a synthetic fiber and was developed as imitation wool. Acetate is not a good choice for furniture that will get tough everyday use. Avoid delicately colored upholstery fabrics around children and pets. i.e. White is going to appear dirty fast. Linen is a very strong and sturdy fabric, even more so than cotton. Low-quality acrylic may pill excessively in areas that receive high degrees of abrasion. Larger rooms can carry larger prints and bolder colors and even combinations of patterns and prints. Is your furniture in a traditionally themed living room that is only used on occasion? Today velvet is available in both silk and cotton. Toile is a cotton or linen fabric with a printed design depicting figures or landscapes in a single color. Boucle can be identified by its curled or looped surface, this material is heavier than many other upholstery fabrics. For the ultimate in spill and stain resistance, however, synthetic fibers such as vinyl are used extensively for uphostery fabric. Upholstery fabrics are sometimes light enough for window treatments and slipcovers. Fabrics are versatile and allow for quick and inexpensive reinventions. Wool is a natural fiber obtained from the fleece of sheep, lamb, Angora goat, or Cashmere goat. Specialty wool fibers are obtained from the camel, alpaca, llama, or vicuna. Wools are characterized by their fine, soft, wavy appearance. Latex is a substance often used as a back coating on fabrics to make them easier to upholster. It is a milky white liquid that is extracted from the rubber tree, milkweed plant, or the poppy family. Chenille is also used for bedspreads and garments. Silk is a delicate fabric and only suitable for adult areas, such as formal living rooms and must be professionally cleaned if soiled. Muslin is a plain woven fabric that comes in various weights. Upholstery fabric has so many choices, colors, textures. Wool is obtained from sheep fleece and the term "virgin wool" denotes new, not recycled wool. Chenille is French for “caterpillar,” chenille has a thick, soft pile and is one of today’s most popular fabrics. It was originally used in the 1800’s to block drafts at doors and windows. Cotton is a popular plant based fiber that is used extensively for many kinds of upholstery fabric. Acrylic fibers are also man made and include such brand names as Orlon, Acrilan, Dolan and Dralon. Acetate is a manufactured fiber made of cellulose acetate obtained from wood pulp. Acetate has a soft feel, a luxurious appearance, and drapes well. It resists shrinking, moths, and mildew. We also offer a complete line of indoor-outdoor upholstery fabrics which is perfect for upholstering furniture that will be used every day and perfect if you have kids or pets. Surface treatments and blending with other fibers often atone for these weaknesses. Polyester is a manufactured fiber that is resistant to stretching and shrinking. It is also quick drying, wrinkle resistant, and strong. Consider the luxuries of silk upholstery fabric and its gorgeous appeal. When blended with wool, polyester can cause pilling. Durability and use depend on the weave and finish. Damask weaves are formal; canvas (duck and sailcloth) is more casual and more durable. Color is the most important reason people choose an upholstery fabric, so make sure your color choice is appropriate. Velvet is a short, dense, cut-pile woven fabric with a luxurious feel and appearance. Today’s consumer is looking for “natural fabrics” and lots of textural interest. Linen is best suited for formal living rooms or adult areas because it soils and wrinkles easily. Upholstery in high traffic areas or pieces subjected to daily heavy wear need to be covered in tough, durable, tightly woven upholstery fabrics. Easy-care and less expensive than leather, vinyl is ideal for busy family living and dining rooms and, durability depends on quality. Damask is characterized by elaborate floral motifs that are usually monochromatic or a maximum of two colors in matte and polished weave combinations. There are natural fabrics such as mohair, wools and cashmeres, which are made from sheered and woven animal fur. Silks are manufactured by worms.