Chenille is French for “caterpillar,” chenille has a thick, soft pile and is one of today’s most popular fabrics. It was originally used in the 1800’s to block drafts at doors and windows. Dry Cleanable is a fabric that is dry cleanable, can be cleaned with chemical solvents instead of water. Upholstery fabrics are designed to take more wear. As spring and summer bloom, linen and cotton in bright, happy tones suit the mood. Matelasse is a heavy fabric with a soft hand. Matelasse has the appearance of being puffy or quilted. There are natural fabrics such as mohair, wools and cashmeres, which are made from sheered and woven animal fur. Some fabrics appear casual, while others might look more formal. Consider the syle of the piece when choosing. Also consider the style of your interior decor. All leathers display a variety of unique natural markings and variations in color. Low-quality acrylic may pill excessively in areas that receive high degrees of abrasion. Avoid delicately colored upholstery fabrics around children and pets. i.e. White is going to appear dirty fast. Muslin is a plain woven fabric that comes in various weights. Choose an upholstery fabric based on who will be using that piece of furniture. Durability and use depend on the weave and finish. Damask weaves are formal; canvas (duck and sailcloth) is more casual and more durable. Upholstery fabric has so many choices, colors, textures. Chenille is a yarn with a fuzzy pile protruding from all sides. This tough material can be gently vacuumed, wiped with a damp cloth and cleaned with leather conditioner or saddle soap. Acrylic resists wear, wrinkling, soiling, and fading. Silks are manufactured by worms. The right upholstery can completely transform the look and feel of your furniture. Velvet has one plush side and one plain woven side. Cotton is best ironed when the fabric is damp. Chenille upholstery fabric comes in many different styles and colors, including patterns and textures. Silk is derived from silk worms and has been a symbol of luxury since forever. Upholstery fabrics are sometimes light enough for window treatments and slipcovers. The practice of upholstery originated in Europe, particularly London, in the 18th century. Before that, many chairs featuwred either bare seats or fabric coverings without padding or springs inside for cushioning. Dye Lot is a batch of fabric or yarn that has been dyed at the same time. There may be some color variation from lot to lot. Rarely used alone, nylon is usually blended with other fibers to make it one of the strongest upholstery fabrics. Linen is a natural fiber obtained from the flax plant. Linen is durable and has a natural luster. Rayon is a manufactured fiber composed of regenerated cellulose which is processed from wood pulp. Rayon is characterized by it high absorbency, soft hand, and drapability. It can imitate the feel and texture of silk, wool, cotton, or linen. Velvet was originally made from silk for royalty. Nylon doesn’t readily soil or wrinkle, but it does tend to fade and pill. Denim is a durable cotton fabric usually characterized by diagonal (twill) lines. Traditionally denim was indigo blue; however, today it is available in a wide range of colors. Your upholstery and drapery are what typically give your room that comfort factor that is sometimes hard to achieve. Is your furniture in a traditionally themed living room that is only used on occasion? Damask is characterized by elaborate floral motifs that are usually monochromatic or a maximum of two colors in matte and polished weave combinations. Linen is best suited for formal living rooms or adult areas because it soils and wrinkles easily. Polyester is a manufactured fiber that is resistant to stretching and shrinking. It is also quick drying, wrinkle resistant, and strong. What type of upholstery fabric should you choose? Jacquard's name comes from the type of weave used to produce the fabric. Vinyl (Poly Vinyl Chloride) is a manufactured thermoplastic fiber. Vinyl is noted for its strength and ability to resist weathering. Depending on the weave, cotton blends can be sturdy, family-friendly fabrics. A stain-resistant finish should be applied for everyday use. Acetate offers only fair resistance to soil and tends to wear, wrinkle, and fade in the sun.