Dry Cleanable is a fabric that is dry cleanable, can be cleaned with chemical solvents instead of water. Acrylic is a synthetic fiber and was developed as imitation wool. Muslin is a plain woven fabric that comes in various weights. Tapestry is a heavy, flat-woven fabric features elaborate designs appropriate for various uses throughout the home. Linen is a delicate fabric and does not withstand heavy wear; however, linen does resist pilling and fading. Acrylic is a manufactured fiber made with synthetic materials. Acrylic may have the look of wool, cotton, or other fabric blends. It is colorfast, moth resistant, quick drying, and retains shape. Pure Aniline or Full Aniline is the most natural type of leather. Rarely used alone in upholstery, polyester is blended with other fibers to add wrinkle resistance, eliminate crushing of napped fabrics, and reduce fading. Olefin is a good choice for furniture that will receive heavy wear; however, it lacks the pliability and movement that natural fibers offer. Acetate is a synthetic fiber made from cellulose acetate. Chenille is made from woven yard loops that are then cut to expose a tuft. When blended with wool, polyester can cause pilling. Upholstery fabrics are designed to take more wear as they're usually a little more heavy and more durable than multi-purpose or drapery and curtain weight fabrics. Upholstery is the art of providing furniture with padding and covering. Viscose is a manufactured fiber belonging to the rayon family, composed of regenerated cellulose. Viscose is characterized by its soft hand and drapability. High-quality acrylics are manufactured to pill significantly less. Vinyl (Poly Vinyl Chloride) is a manufactured thermoplastic fiber. Vinyl is noted for its strength and ability to resist weathering. Jacquard is an intricate fabric that features a variegated weave or multi-color pattern. Autos typically are clad in either leather or cloth, ranging from ultra expensive to the very basic. Ideally, upholstery fabric should compliment your room’s decor and the furniture itself while also proving practical for your needs. Jacquard is a heavier fabric that tends to be multicolored and used for upholstery, as well as drapery. There are natural fabrics such as mohair, wools and cashmeres, which are made from sheered and woven animal fur. Just like in fashion, you can dramatically change the look of your home by changing the fabrics that surround you. To set the mood, take the color temperature into consideration. Since warm and cool colors affect the mood of the room, try choosing the right upholstery fabric for the right mood. Choosing an upholstery fabric's color is the single biggest factor in fabric selection. The attractiveness of the napped suede look has lead to microsuede gaining in popularity in upholstery fabric applications, replicating the feel of real suede and adding stain resistance and durability, in addition to lower costs. Jacquard's name comes from the type of weave used to produce the fabric. Nylon is very resilient; in a blend, it helps eliminate the crushing of napped fabrics such as velvet. For the ultimate in spill and stain resistance, however, synthetic fibers such as vinyl are used extensively. Backing is a sprayed coating or another layer of fabric applied to the back of fabric. A backing may be needed to give the face fabric more body or to make it more appropriate for upholstery. Cotton is a fiber that grows out of a plant and is woven in many forms. Avoid delicately colored upholstery fabrics around children and pets. i.e. White is going to appear dirty fast. Marine furniture requires a significant amount of heat and water resistance, resulting in heavy uses of vinyl and polyester. Chambray is a lightweight plain weave cotton fabric similar to denim. Chambray is woven on a colored warp with white fill yarns. The Jacquard loom is capable of weaving intricate patterns with many layers and many threads at the same time. The natural fabrics are cotton, linen and silk. Trevira is a manufactured fiber belonging to the polyester group of fibers. Trevira fabrics are durable, lightfast, and drape well. A special type of Trevira, Trevira CS, is inherently and permanently flame retardant. Generally, wool is blended with a synthetic fiber to make it easier to clean and to reduce the possibility of felting the fibers (causing them to bond together until they resemble felt). Railroaded is a fabric that is railroaded is applied to furniture at a 90 degree angle from the way it appears on the roll. Denim is a durable cotton fabric usually characterized by diagonal (twill) lines. Traditionally denim was indigo blue; however, today it is available in a wide range of colors. Low-quality acrylic may pill excessively in areas that receive high degrees of abrasion. Upholstery fabrics are designed to take more wear. Microfiber, which has increased in popularity over the years, is a blend of polyester and polyamide. Linen is another plant derived fiber, and shares many similarities with cotton. Determine where your upholstered pieces will be used in the home. Velveteen or Corduroy is similar to velvet. Larger rooms can carry larger prints and bolder colors and even combinations of patterns and prints. Velveteen is made from thick woven cotton and is available with ridges known as corduroy. If comfort is at the top of your priority list, then chenille is the upholstery fabric for you. Velvet is a short, dense, cut-pile woven fabric with a luxurious feel and appearance. Although it requires an investment, having an extra set of drapery, slipcovers and pillow covers allows you to adapt your interior design to the changing seasons. Cotton can also be washed. Rayon is a manufactured fiber composed of regenerated cellulose which is processed from wood pulp. Rayon is characterized by it high absorbency, soft hand, and drapability. It can imitate the feel and texture of silk, wool, cotton, or linen. Acrylic fibers are also man made and include such brand names as Orlon, Acrilan, Dolan and Dralon. Durability and use depend on the weave and finish. Damask weaves are formal; canvas (duck and sailcloth) is more casual and more durable. Upholstery fabrics are sometimes light enough for window treatments and slipcovers. Polyamide is a manufactured fiber that is a type of nylon. Polyamide is known for its exceptional strength, elasticity, and luster. Sturdy and durable, wool and wool blends offer good resistance to pilling, fading, wrinkling, and soil. Up the Bolt is a fabric that is up the bolt is applied to furniture exactly the way it is made on the roll. This is often necessary to keep designs in the proper direction. Up the bolt fabrics may result in seams on some styles. Thread count refers to the number of threads per square inch of fabric; just like you see when you buy linens for the bed. Silk is a delicate fabric and only suitable for adult areas, such as formal living rooms and must be professionally cleaned if soiled. Latex is a substance often used as a back coating on fabrics to make them easier to upholster. It is a milky white liquid that is extracted from the rubber tree, milkweed plant, or the poppy family. Chenille is commonly used for bedspreads or rugs, but makes an excellent choice for upholstery. An upholsterer typically works on home décor, but some specialize in the marine or automobile industry. Upholstery fabric has so many choices, colors, textures. Today velvet is available in both silk and cotton. Leather is a very popular choice as an upholstery fabric, as it is delightfully soft yet resistant to spills and stains. Damask can be made of cotton, silk or synthetic fabrics and is commonly used for drapery and upholstery. Cotton is quite popular because like any natural fiber, it’s inherently strong and comfortable. During fall and winter, it is inviting to be surrounded by the warmth of velvet and chenille in deep and sober colors. Upholstering for specific uses, such as in automobiles and boats, generally has a narrower set of upholstery fabric options. Faux Suede is a fabric woven with a nap to resemble suede. Today’s faux suede is primarily made of microdenier polyester. Consider the size of the pattern on the piece of upholstery fabric. Consider whether it is appropriate for the size of the furniture it is covering, as well as the room size. When executed properly, a mix of fabrics can be beautiful. The challenge is to find a few fabrics with a common thread that ties the combination together. Consider the luxuries of silk upholstery fabric and its gorgeous appeal. Our broad assortment of jacquards, florals, stripes, damasks, chenilles, velvets, tapestries, faux suedes and solid textures will help you create fabulous furniture and great pillows! Boucle can be identified by its curled or looped surface, this material is heavier than many other upholstery fabrics. Linen is a very strong and sturdy fabric, even more so than cotton. A piece of furniture covered in chenille will still look new in 10 years, depending on how well you take care of it. Is your furniture in a traditionally themed living room that is only used on occasion? Velvet has one plush side and one plain woven side. Matelasse is a heavy fabric with a soft hand. Matelasse has the appearance of being puffy or quilted. Some fabrics appear casual, while others might look more formal. Consider the syle of the piece when choosing. Also consider the style of your interior decor. Full grain leather is a top grain leather with all its natural texture (grain) intact. Cotton is a popular plant based fiber that is used extensively for many kinds of upholstery fabric.