Olefin is derived from petroleum, and can mimic wool in appearance. Velvet is used in everything from garments and upholstery to bedspreads and drapery. Silk is a delicate fabric and only suitable for adult areas, such as formal living rooms and must be professionally cleaned if soiled. Acrylic fibers are also man made and include such brand names as Orlon, Acrilan, Dolan and Dralon. Tweed and wool bring warmth to any piece of furniture and are just perfect for northern retreats. Upholstery in high traffic areas or pieces subjected to daily heavy wear need to be covered in tough, durable, tightly woven fabrics. Tapestry is a heavy, flat-woven fabric features elaborate designs appropriate for various uses throughout the home. For a slightly retro or timelessly Scottish look, tartan plaid is another superb choice for seat or couch coverings. Leather furniture can be rather expensive, although the same look can be achieved with the use of fake leather. Determine where your upholstered pieces will be used in the home. For the ultimate in spill and stain resistance, however, synthetic fibers such as vinyl are used extensively. Widely used for upholstery, drapery and garments. Polyester was also introduced by DuPont in the 1950’s. Consider the size of the pattern on the piece of fabric. Consider whether it is appropriate for the size of the furniture it is covering, as well as the room size. Boucle can be identified by its curled or looped surface, this material is heavier than many other upholstery fabrics. Acetate is a synthetic fiber made from cellulose acetate. Upholstery fabric has so many choices, colors, textures. All leathers display a variety of unique natural markings and variations in color. Upholstering for specific uses, such as in automobiles and boats, generally has a narrower set of upholstery fabric options. Depending on the weave, cotton blends can be sturdy, family-friendly fabrics. A stain-resistant finish should be applied for everyday use. Chenille comes in many different styles and colors, including patterns and textures. Denim is a durable cotton fabric usually characterized by diagonal (twill) lines. Traditionally denim was indigo blue; however, today it is available in a wide range of colors. Velvet has one plush side and one plain woven side. Acrylic is a synthetic fiber and was developed as imitation wool. Linen is best to wash it in cold water to avoid shrinkage. Chenille is also used for bedspreads and garments. A piece of furniture covered in chenille will still look new in 10 years, depending on how well you take care of it. Cotton is quite popular because like any natural fiber, it’s inherently strong and comfortable. Cotton is a fabric or yarn made from cotton fibers that have been obtained from the seed pod of the cotton plant. It is soft, breathable, and the most widely used natural fiber. Tweed and wool are direct from the world of men's fashion. Upholstery fabrics are usually a little heavier and more durable than multi-purpose or drapery-weight fabrics. Microfiber, which has increased in popularity over the years, is a blend of polyester and polyamide. Today’s consumer is looking for “natural fabrics” and lots of textural interest. Linen's downfall is that it wrinkles a lot, but some consider that its allure. Linen is another plant derived fiber, and shares many similarities with cotton. Olefin is a manufactured fiber that is strong and very lightweight. The right upholstery can completely transform the look and feel of your furniture. Nylon is very resilient; in a blend, it helps eliminate the crushing of napped fabrics such as velvet. Linen is a delicate fabric and does not withstand heavy wear; however, linen does resist pilling and fading. Consider higher thread counts when purchasing a designer upholstery fabric. Up the Bolt is a fabric that is up the bolt is applied to furniture exactly the way it is made on the roll. This is often necessary to keep designs in the proper direction. Up the bolt fabrics may result in seams on some styles. Chenille is made from woven yard loops that are then cut to expose a tuft. Silks are manufactured by worms. Velvet was originally made from silk for royalty. Polyester is a manufactured fiber that is resistant to stretching and shrinking. It is also quick drying, wrinkle resistant, and strong. Marine furniture requires a significant amount of heat and water resistance, resulting in heavy uses of vinyl and polyester. Ideally, upholstery fabric should compliment your room’s decor and the furniture itself while also proving practical for your needs. Microdenier / Microfiber is a yarn made of fibers that tend to be thinner than a silkworm’s web. Most microfibers are synthetics such as polyester, nylon, acrylic, or rayon. Silk has a very soft hand and can be woven into nubby informal textures and shimmering paper-thin sheets. Upholstery fabrics are designed to take more wear as they're usually a little more heavy and more durable than multi-purpose or drapery and curtain weight fabrics. To set the mood, take the color temperature into consideration. Since warm and cool colors affect the mood of the room, try choosing the right upholstery fabric for the right mood. Linen is a natural fiber obtained from the flax plant. Linen is durable and has a natural luster. The Jacquard loom is capable of weaving intricate patterns with many layers and many threads at the same time. Your upholstery and drapery are what typically give your room that comfort factor that is sometimes hard to achieve. A large bold fabric pattern might work better in a larger room, while a smaller pattern might be a happier choice for a smaller space. Silk is derived from silk worms and has been a symbol of luxury since forever. Boucle is a fabric or yarn with a looped surface. Some fabrics appear casual, while others might look more formal. Consider the syle of the piece when choosing. Also consider the style of your interior decor. Jacquard is an intricate fabric that features a variegated weave or multi-color pattern. Polyamide is a manufactured fiber that is a type of nylon. Polyamide is known for its exceptional strength, elasticity, and luster. Velveteen or Corduroy is similar to velvet. Railroaded is a fabric that is railroaded is applied to furniture at a 90 degree angle from the way it appears on the roll. Chenille tends to be a family favorite.