Some fabrics appear casual, while others might look more formal. Consider the syle of the piece when choosing. Also consider the style of your interior decor. Linen is best to wash it in cold water to avoid shrinkage. Linen is another plant derived fiber, and shares many similarities with cotton. Widely used for upholstery, drapery and garments. Your upholstery and drapery are what typically give your room that comfort factor that is sometimes hard to achieve. Consider the style of your furniture as well as its function to help when choosing the type of upholstery fabric. Sofas, chairs, and ottomans receiving only moderate amounts of wear will do fine with a less durable fabrics. Damask is characterized by elaborate floral motifs that are usually monochromatic or a maximum of two colors in matte and polished weave combinations. Chenille is soft to the touch and very popular as an upholstery fabric for sofas and chairs. Polyamide is a manufactured fiber that is a type of nylon. Polyamide is known for its exceptional strength, elasticity, and luster. Nylon is very resilient; in a blend, it helps eliminate the crushing of napped fabrics such as velvet. This tough material can be gently vacuumed, wiped with a damp cloth and cleaned with leather conditioner or saddle soap. Vinyl (Poly Vinyl Chloride) is a manufactured thermoplastic fiber. Vinyl is noted for its strength and ability to resist weathering. Today velvet is available in both silk and cotton. Silk is so delicate that although it can be hand-washed it is best sent to the dry-cleaners. Chenille is commonly used for bedspreads or rugs, but makes an excellent choice for upholstery. Velveteen is made from thick woven cotton and is available with ridges known as corduroy. Ideally, upholstery fabric should compliment your room’s decor and the furniture itself while also proving practical for your needs. Nylon doesn’t readily soil or wrinkle, but it does tend to fade and pill. Microfiber, which has increased in popularity over the years, is a blend of polyester and polyamide. To set the mood, take the color temperature into consideration. Since warm and cool colors affect the mood of the room, try choosing the right upholstery fabric for the right mood. Upholstery fabrics are sometimes light enough for window treatments and slipcovers. Acetate offers only fair resistance to soil and tends to wear, wrinkle, and fade in the sun. This natural fiber provides good resistance to wear, fading, and pilling. It is less resistant to soil, wrinkling, and fire. Viscose is a manufactured fiber belonging to the rayon family, composed of regenerated cellulose. Viscose is characterized by its soft hand and drapability. Acetate is a synthetic fiber made from cellulose acetate. Microdenier / Microfiber is a yarn made of fibers that tend to be thinner than a silkworm’s web. Most microfibers are synthetics such as polyester, nylon, acrylic, or rayon. Pure Aniline or Full Aniline is the most natural type of leather. Polypropylene is a manufactured fiber that is a type of Olefin. Polypropylene is quick drying, stain resistant, and exceptionally strong. There are natural fabrics such as mohair, wools and cashmeres, which are made from sheered and woven animal fur. Depending on the weave, cotton blends can be sturdy, family-friendly fabrics. A stain-resistant finish should be applied for everyday use. Linen is a natural fiber obtained from the flax plant. Linen is durable and has a natural luster. If you’re considering purchasing designer upholstery fabric for your furniture, do some research and consider the following to make sure you decide on the right upholstery fabric. Some aspects of choosing upholstery fabric might seem pretty obvious like selecting a color. Developed as an imitation silk, linen, and cotton, rayon is durable, yet wrinkles easily. Recent developments have made high-quality rayon very practical. Wool blends can be spot-cleaned when necessary. Chenille is made from woven yard loops that are then cut to expose a tuft. The nap (or hand) of chenille lasts forever. Boucle is a fabric or yarn with a looped surface. Velveteen or Corduroy is similar to velvet. Chenille tends to be a family favorite upholstery fabric. Woven fabric patterns hold up longer than printed ones. Silks are manufactured by worms. There are many different choices for upholstery fabric. Mohair is a very desirable fabric or yarn made from the long silky hair of the Angora goat. Mohair is characterized by its luster and exceptional strength. Wool is a natural fiber obtained from the fleece of sheep, lamb, Angora goat, or Cashmere goat. Specialty wool fibers are obtained from the camel, alpaca, llama, or vicuna. Wools are characterized by their fine, soft, wavy appearance. Damask is a sophisticated, floral-patterned fabric, damask has reversed colors on opposing sides. Durability and use depend on the weave and finish. Damask weaves are formal; canvas (duck and sailcloth) is more casual and more durable. Jacquard is an intricate fabric that features a variegated weave or multi-color pattern. Olefin is a good choice for furniture that will receive heavy wear; however, it lacks the pliability and movement that natural fibers offer. Muslin is a plain woven fabric that comes in various weights. Railroaded is a fabric that is railroaded is applied to furniture at a 90 degree angle from the way it appears on the roll. Backing is a sprayed coating or another layer of fabric applied to the back of fabric. A backing may be needed to give the face fabric more body or to make it more appropriate for upholstery. Jacquard is a heavier fabric that tends to be multicolored and used for upholstery, as well as drapery. Silk has a very soft hand and can be woven into nubby informal textures and shimmering paper-thin sheets. Determine where your upholstered pieces will be used in the home. Up the Bolt is a fabric that is up the bolt is applied to furniture exactly the way it is made on the roll. This is often necessary to keep designs in the proper direction. Up the bolt fabrics may result in seams on some styles. Velvet has one plush side and one plain woven side. Washable is a fabric that is washable resists fading and shrinking during the laundering process, using cold water or dry cleaning method.