Soiled linen upholstery must be professionally cleaned to avoid shrinking. Choosing an upholstery fabric's color is the single biggest factor in fabric selection. Toile de Jouy dates back to 18th century France, and is a cotton print. Wool is obtained from sheep fleece and the term”virgin wool” denotes new, not recycled wool. Velvet has one plush side and one plain woven side. Sofas, chairs, and ottomans receiving only moderate amounts of wear will do fine with a less durable fabrics. Chenille is French for “caterpillar,” chenille has a thick, soft pile and is one of today’s most popular fabrics. It was originally used in the 1800’s to block drafts at doors and windows. Color is the most important reason people choose an upholstery fabric, so make sure your color choice is appropriate. A large bold upholstery fabric pattern might work better in a larger room, while a smaller pattern might be a happier choice for a smaller space. Linen is a very strong and sturdy fabric, even more so than cotton. Dye Lot is a batch of fabric or yarn that has been dyed at the same time. There may be some color variation from lot to lot. Leather is a very popular choice as an upholstery fabric, as it is delightfully soft yet resistant to spills and stains. Damask can be made of cotton, silk or synthetic fabrics and is commonly used for drapery and upholstery. Acrylic fibers are also man made and include such brand names as Orlon, Acrilan, Dolan and Dralon. Consider higher thread counts when purchasing a designer upholstery fabric. When blended with wool, polyester can cause pilling. Silk is derived from silk worms and has been a symbol of luxury since forever. Upholstery fabrics are designed to take more wear as they're usually a little more heavy and more durable than multi-purpose or drapery and curtain weight fabrics. Vinyl (Poly Vinyl Chloride) is a manufactured thermoplastic fiber. Vinyl is noted for its strength and ability to resist weathering. Leather furniture can be rather expensive, although the same look can be achieved with the use of fake leather. Damask is a sophisticated, floral-patterned fabric, damask has reversed colors on opposing sides. Wool blends can be spot-cleaned when necessary. Boucle is a fabric or yarn with a looped surface. Jacquard is a heavier fabric that tends to be multicolored and used for upholstery, as well as drapery. Acetate offers only fair resistance to soil and tends to wear, wrinkle, and fade in the sun. The natural fabrics are cotton, linen and silk. Velveteen or Corduroy is similar to velvet. Linen is best to wash it in cold water to avoid shrinkage. Consider the size of the pattern on the piece of upholstery fabric. Consider whether it is appropriate for the size of the furniture it is covering, as well as the room size. Cotton is best ironed when the fabric is damp. When purchasing an upholstered piece or upholstery fabric, be aware that the higher the thread count, the more tightly woven the fabric is, and the better it will wear. Boucle can be identified by its curled or looped surface, this material is heavier than many other upholstery fabrics. Matelasse is a heavy fabric with a soft hand. Matelasse has the appearance of being puffy or quilted. Autos typically are clad in either leather or cloth, ranging from ultra expensive to the very basic. Some fabrics appear casual, while others might look more formal. Consider the syle of the piece when choosing. Also consider the style of your interior decor. Rarely used alone, nylon is usually blended with other fibers to make it one of the strongest upholstery fabrics. Full grain leather is a top grain leather with all its natural texture (grain) intact. Linen is another plant derived fiber, and shares many similarities with cotton. For a slightly retro or timelessly Scottish look, tartan plaid is another superb choice for seat or couch coverings. Linen is best suited for formal living rooms or adult areas because it soils and wrinkles easily. Choose an upholstery fabric based on who will be using that piece of furniture. Rayon is a manufactured fiber composed of regenerated cellulose which is processed from wood pulp. Rayon is characterized by it high absorbency, soft hand, and drapability. It can imitate the feel and texture of silk, wool, cotton, or linen. Cotton is a fiber that grows out of a plant and is woven in many forms. The Jacquard loom is capable of weaving intricate patterns with many layers and many threads at the same time. Muslin is a plain woven fabric that comes in various weights. Nylon is a manufactured fiber that is exceptionally strong, elastic, and lustrous. Upholstery fabric has so many choices, colors, textures. The practice of upholstery originated in Europe, particularly London, in the 18th century. Before that, many chairs featured either bare seats or fabric coverings without padding or springs inside for cushioning. Cotton is the most used fabric in the world. It can breathe. It may make more sense to avoid a very bold upholstery fabric color for a smaller room, especially if your furniture piece is also large. Silk is so delicate that although it can be hand-washed it is best sent to the dry-cleaners. Pure Aniline or Full Aniline is the most natural type of leather. Cotton is a popular plant based fiber that is used extensively for many kinds of upholstery fabric. Marine furniture requires a significant amount of heat and water resistance, resulting in heavy uses of vinyl and polyester. Woven fabric patterns hold up longer than printed ones. Mohair is a very desirable fabric or yarn made from the long silky hair of the Angora goat. Mohair is characterized by its luster and exceptional strength. What type of upholstery fabric should you choose? This natural fiber provides good resistance to wear, fading, and pilling. It is less resistant to soil, wrinkling, and fire. Jacquard's name comes from the type of weave used to produce the fabric. Polyester is a manufactured fiber that is resistant to stretching and shrinking. It is also quick drying, wrinkle resistant, and strong. Chenille tends to be a family favorite upholstery fabric. Linen is a natural fiber obtained from the flax plant. Linen is durable and has a natural luster. Dry Cleanable is a fabric that is dry cleanable, can be cleaned with chemical solvents instead of water. Unless you happen to really like them, try to avoid trendy colors. Color trends come and go so be careful. What if you don't consider the upholstery fabric color attractive in the first place? There is more chance you'll hate it when the fabric color is not popular? Your upholstery and drapery are what typically give your room that comfort factor that is sometimes hard to achieve. Rarely used alone in upholstery, polyester is blended with other fibers to add wrinkle resistance, eliminate crushing of napped fabrics, and reduce fading. For the ultimate in spill and stain resistance, however, synthetic fibers such as vinyl are used extensively. Nylon is very resilient; in a blend, it helps eliminate the crushing of napped fabrics such as velvet. Railroaded is a fabric that is railroaded is applied to furniture at a 90 degree angle from the way it appears on the roll.