Soiled linen upholstery must be professionally cleaned to avoid shrinking. Choosing an upholstery fabric's color is the single biggest factor in fabric selection. Toile de Jouy dates back to 18th century France, and is a cotton print. Linen is best suited for formal living rooms or adult areas because it soils and wrinkles easily. Velvet is used in everything from garments and upholstery to bedspreads and drapery. Sofas, chairs, and ottomans receiving only moderate amounts of wear will do fine with a less durable fabrics. Damask is a sophisticated, floral-patterned fabric, damask has reversed colors on opposing sides. It may make more sense to avoid a very bold upholstery fabric color for a smaller room, especially if your furniture piece is also large. Color is the most important reason people choose an upholstery fabric, so make sure your color choice is appropriate. Linen is a very strong and sturdy fabric, even more so than cotton. Dye Lot is a batch of fabric or yarn that has been dyed at the same time. There may be some color variation from lot to lot. Avoid delicately colored upholstery fabrics around children and pets. i.e. White is going to appear dirty fast. Backing is a sprayed coating or another layer of fabric applied to the back of fabric. A backing may be needed to give the face fabric more body or to make it more appropriate for upholstery. During fall and winter, it is inviting to be surrounded by the warmth of velvet and chenille in deep and sober colors. Consider higher thread counts when purchasing a designer upholstery fabric. When blended with wool, polyester can cause pilling. Silk is derived from silk worms and has been a symbol of luxury since forever. Upholstery fabric has so many choices, colors, textures. Washable is a fabric that is washable resists fading and shrinking during the laundering process, using cold water or dry cleaning method. Leather furniture can be rather expensive, although the same look can be achieved with the use of fake leather. Jacquard is an intricate fabric that features a variegated weave or multi-color pattern. Depending on the weave, cotton blends can be sturdy, family-friendly fabrics. A stain-resistant finish should be applied for everyday use. Rayon is a manufactured fiber composed of regenerated cellulose which is processed from wood pulp. Rayon is characterized by it high absorbency, soft hand, and drapability. It can imitate the feel and texture of silk, wool, cotton, or linen. Matelasse is a heavy fabric with a soft hand. Matelasse has the appearance of being puffy or quilted. There are many different choices for upholstery fabric. Cotton is a fiber that grows out of a plant and is woven in many forms. Velveteen or Corduroy is similar to velvet. Silks are manufactured by worms. Consider the size of the pattern on the piece of upholstery fabric. Consider whether it is appropriate for the size of the furniture it is covering, as well as the room size. Acetate is a synthetic fiber made from cellulose acetate. Silk has a very soft hand and can be woven into nubby informal textures and shimmering paper-thin sheets. When purchasing an upholstered piece or upholstery fabric, be aware that the higher the thread count, the more tightly woven the fabric is, and the better it will wear. Wool is obtained from sheep fleece and the term”virgin wool” denotes new, not recycled wool. Velvet is a short, dense, cut-pile woven fabric with a luxurious feel and appearance. Nylon is very resilient; in a blend, it helps eliminate the crushing of napped fabrics such as velvet. All leathers display a variety of unique natural markings and variations in color. Linen is another plant derived fiber, and shares many similarities with cotton. For the ultimate in spill and stain resistance, however, synthetic fibers such as vinyl are used extensively. Nylon doesn’t readily soil or wrinkle, but it does tend to fade and pill. A piece of furniture covered in chenille will still look new in 10 years, depending on how well you take care of it. Larger rooms can carry larger prints and bolder colors and even combinations of patterns and prints. Upholstery fabrics are designed to take more wear. Upholstery fabrics are usually a little heavier and more durable than multi-purpose or drapery-weight fabrics. Velvet was originally made from silk for royalty. Some aspects of choosing upholstery fabric might seem pretty obvious like selecting a color. Just like in fashion, you can dramatically change the look of your home by changing the fabrics that surround you. For a slightly retro or timelessly Scottish look, tartan plaid is another superb choice for seat or couch coverings. Nylon is a manufactured fiber that is exceptionally strong, elastic, and lustrous. Determine where your upholstered pieces will be used in the home. The practice of upholstery originated in Europe, particularly London, in the 18th century. Before that, many chairs featured either bare seats or fabric coverings without padding or springs inside for cushioning. Upholstery is the art of providing furniture with padding and covering. Your upholstery and drapery are what typically give your room that comfort factor that is sometimes hard to achieve. Cotton can also be washed. Chenille is soft to the touch and very popular as an upholstery fabric for sofas and chairs. There are natural fabrics such as mohair, wools and cashmeres, which are made from sheered and woven animal fur. Pure Aniline or Full Aniline is the most natural type of leather. Cotton is a popular plant based fiber that is used extensively for many kinds of upholstery fabric. Marine furniture requires a significant amount of heat and water resistance, resulting in heavy uses of vinyl and polyester. Microfiber, which has increased in popularity over the years, is a blend of polyester and polyamide. Chenille is French for “caterpillar,” chenille has a thick, soft pile and is one of today’s most popular fabrics. It was originally used in the 1800’s to block drafts at doors and windows. Mohair is a very desirable fabric or yarn made from the long silky hair of the Angora goat. Mohair is characterized by its luster and exceptional strength. Consider the style of your furniture as well as its function to help when choosing the type of upholstery fabric. This natural fiber provides good resistance to wear, fading, and pilling. It is less resistant to soil, wrinkling, and fire. Consider the luxuries of silk upholstery fabric and its gorgeous appeal. Sturdy and durable, wool and wool blends offer good resistance to pilling, fading, wrinkling, and soil. Linen is a natural fiber obtained from the flax plant. Linen is durable and has a natural luster. Fabrics are versatile and allow for quick and inexpensive reinventions. Damask can be made of cotton, silk or synthetic fabrics and is commonly used for drapery and upholstery. Jacquard's name comes from the type of weave used to produce the fabric.