Vinyl (Poly Vinyl Chloride) is a manufactured thermoplastic fiber. Vinyl is noted for its strength and ability to resist weathering. Leather is a very popular choice as an upholstery fabric, as it is delightfully soft yet resistant to spills and stains. Chenille is also used for bedspreads and garments. The natural fabrics are cotton, linen and silk. Muslin is a plain woven fabric that comes in various weights. Jacquard's name comes from the type of weave used to produce the fabric. Some fabrics appear casual, while others might look more formal. Consider the syle of the piece when choosing. Also consider the style of your interior decor. Fabrics are versatile and allow for quick and inexpensive reinventions. Your upholstery and drapery are what typically give your room that comfort factor that is sometimes hard to achieve. Upholstering for specific uses, such as in automobiles and boats, generally has a narrower set of upholstery fabric options. Rarely used alone, nylon is usually blended with other fibers to make it one of the strongest upholstery fabrics. Sailcloth or Canvas are rigid fabrics are normally made of cotton and used for upholstery and slipcovers. Easy-care and less expensive than leather, vinyl is ideal for busy family living and dining rooms and, durability depends on quality. Duck is a strong, durable, plain woven fabric made from either cotton or flax. It is characterized by a tight weave and looks similar to canvas, but is much lighter. Silk is so delicate that although it can be hand-washed it is best sent to the dry-cleaners. For a slightly retro or timelessly Scottish look, tartan plaid is another superb choice for seat or couch coverings. A piece of furniture covered in chenille will still look new in 10 years, depending on how well you take care of it. Velvet was originally made from silk for royalty. Upholstery fabrics can be used for arts and crafts. Autos typically are clad in either leather or cloth, ranging from ultra expensive to the very basic. Linen is a delicate fabric and does not withstand heavy wear; however, linen does resist pilling and fading. Upholstery fabric has so many choices, colors, textures. Avoid delicately colored fabrics around children and pets. i.e. White is going to appear dirty fast. The practice of upholstery originated in Europe, particularly London, in the 18th century. Before that, many chairs featured either bare seats or fabric coverings without padding or springs inside for cushioning. When blended with wool, polyester can cause pilling. Silk has a very soft hand and can be woven into nubby informal textures and shimmering paper-thin sheets. Cotton is quite popular because like any natural fiber, it’s inherently strong and comfortable. Just like in fashion, you can dramatically change the look of your home by changing the fabrics that surround you. Nylon is very resilient; in a blend, it helps eliminate the crushing of napped fabrics such as velvet. Microdenier / Microfiber is a yarn made of fibers that tend to be thinner than a silkworm’s web. Most microfibers are synthetics such as polyester, nylon, acrylic, or rayon. Trevira is a manufactured fiber belonging to the polyester group of fibers. Trevira fabrics are durable, lightfast, and drape well. A special type of Trevira, Trevira CS, is inherently and permanently flame retardant. Sheer fabric is available in silk, cotton and synthetic materials, and it's a perfect fabric for transparent or semi-transparent drapery. Low-quality acrylic may pill excessively in areas that receive high degrees of abrasion. Olefin is a good choice for furniture that will receive heavy wear; however, it lacks the pliability and movement that natural fibers offer. Dye Lot is a batch of fabric or yarn that has been dyed at the same time. There may be some color variation from lot to lot. As spring and summer bloom, linen and cotton in bright, happy tones suit the mood. Spandex is a manufactured fiber known for its high elasticity. Damask is characterized by elaborate floral motifs that are usually monochromatic or a maximum of two colors in matte and polished weave combinations. If comfort is at the top of your priority list, then chenille is the upholstery fabric for you. Chambray is a lightweight plain weave cotton fabric similar to denim. Chambray is woven on a colored warp with white fill yarns. Widely used for upholstery, drapery and garments. This natural fiber provides good resistance to wear, fading, and pilling. It is less resistant to soil, wrinkling, and fire. While Chenille is extremely cozy, it's also excellent at hiding dirt. Upholstery fabrics are designed to take more wear. Latex is a substance often used as a back coating on fabrics to make them easier to upholster. It is a milky white liquid that is extracted from the rubber tree, milkweed plant, or the poppy family. Larger rooms can carry larger prints and bolder colors and even combinations of patterns and prints. Acetate is not a good choice for furniture that will get tough everyday use. Upholstery is the art of providing furniture with padding and covering. Olefin is derived from petroleum, and can mimic wool in appearance. If you’re considering purchasing designer upholstery fabric for your furniture, do some research and consider the following to make sure you decide on the right fabric. We also offer a complete line of indoor-outdoor fabrics which are perfect for upholstering furniture that will be used every day and perfect if you have kids or pets. Acrylic resists wear, wrinkling, soiling, and fading. Boucle can be identified by its curled or looped surface, this material is heavier than many other upholstery fabrics. Thread count refers to the number of threads per square inch of fabric; just like you see when you buy linens for the bed. What type of fabric should you choose? Faux Suede is a fabric woven with a nap to resemble suede. Today’s faux suede is primarily made of microdenier polyester. Determine where your upholstered pieces will be used in the home. Velveteen is made from thick woven cotton and is available with ridges known as corduroy. Generally, wool is blended with a synthetic fiber to make it easier to clean and to reduce the possibility of felting the fibers (causing them to bond together until they resemble felt). Chenille is soft to the touch and very popular as an upholstery fabric for sofas and chairs. Sheer fabric is commonly known as tulle or mesh. Chenille is commonly used for bedspreads or rugs, but makes an excellent choice for upholstery. Linen is a very strong and sturdy fabric, even more so than cotton. Consider higher thread counts when purchasing a designer upholstery fabric. Linen is best to wash it in cold water to avoid shrinkage. Toile de Jouy dates back to 18th century France, and is a cotton print. The weight of tweed and wool fabrics makes them perfect for upholstery and drapery. High-quality acrylics are manufactured to pill significantly less. Velveteen or Corduroy is similar to velvet. Denim is a durable cotton fabric usually characterized by diagonal (twill) lines. Traditionally denim was indigo blue; however, today it is available in a wide range of colors. Upholstery fabrics are sometimes light enough for window treatments and slipcovers. Because leather is a natural product, it absorbs dyes and reacts differently to treatments from hide to hide. Cotton is best ironed when the fabric is damp. Sturdy and durable, wool and wool blends offer good resistance to pilling, fading, wrinkling, and soil. Chenille is A soft tufted cord of silk, cotton, or worsted used in embroidery or for fringing. Polypropylene is a manufactured fiber that is a type of Olefin. Polypropylene is quick drying, stain resistant, and exceptionally strong. Woven fabric patterns hold up longer than printed ones. Chenille is a yarn with a fuzzy pile protruding from all sides. Nylon doesn’t readily soil or wrinkle, but it does tend to fade and pill. Wool is a natural fiber obtained from the fleece of sheep, lamb, Angora goat, or Cashmere goat. Specialty wool fibers are obtained from the camel, alpaca, llama, or vicuna. Wools are characterized by their fine, soft, wavy appearance. There are many different choices for upholstery fabric. It may make more sense to avoid a very bold fabric color for a smaller room, especially if your furniture piece is also large. Matelasse is a heavy fabric with a soft hand. Matelasse has the appearance of being puffy or quilted. Full grain leather is a top grain leather with all its natural texture (grain) intact. Damask can be made of cotton, silk or synthetic fabrics and is commonly used for drapery and upholstery. Soiled linen upholstery must be professionally cleaned to avoid shrinking. An upholsterer typically works on home décor, but some specialize in the marine or automobile industry. Jacquard is an intricate fabric that features a variegated weave or multi-color pattern. Sailcloth or Canvas are available in solids, stripes and prints. The attractiveness of the napped suede look has lead to microsuede gaining in popularity in upholstery fabric applications, replicating the feel of real suede and adding stain resistance and durability, in addition to lower costs.