There are many different choices for upholstery fabric. Today’s consumer is looking for “natural fabrics” and lots of textural interest. Polyamide is a manufactured fiber that is a type of nylon. Polyamide is known for its exceptional strength, elasticity, and luster. An upholsterer typically works on home décor, but some specialize in the marine or automobile industry. This natural fiber provides good resistance to wear, fading, and pilling. It is less resistant to soil, wrinkling, and fire. Chenille is a yarn with a fuzzy pile protruding from all sides. Because leather is a natural product, it absorbs dyes and reacts differently to treatments from hide to hide. Boucle can be identified by its curled or looped surface, this material is heavier than many other upholstery fabrics. Developed as an imitation silk, linen, and cotton, rayon is durable, yet wrinkles easily. Recent developments have made high-quality rayon very practical. While Chenille upholstery fabric is extremely cozy, it's also excellent at hiding dirt. Consider the luxuries of silk upholstery fabric and its gorgeous appeal. Damask is a lustrous fabric (such as linen, cotton, silk, or rayon) that is characterized by its flat, glossy pattern on a solid background. Upholstery fabrics are sometimes light enough for window treatments and slipcovers. Upholstery in high traffic areas or pieces subjected to daily heavy wear need to be covered in tough, durable, tightly woven upholstery fabrics. Upholstering for specific uses, such as in automobiles and boats, generally has a narrower set of upholstery fabric options. Acrylic fibers are also man made and include such brand names as Orlon, Acrilan, Dolan and Dralon. The attractiveness of the napped suede look has lead to microsuede gaining in popularity in upholstery fabric applications, replicating the feel of real suede and adding stain resistance and durability, in addition to lower costs. Upholstery fabric has so many choices, colors, textures. Durability and use depend on the weave and finish. Damask weaves are formal; canvas (duck and sailcloth) is more casual and more durable. Small or dimly lit rooms benefit from the use of plain fabrics, vertically striped fabrics or fabrics with a small motif. Marine furniture requires a significant amount of heat and water resistance, resulting in heavy uses of vinyl and polyester. Olefin is a good choice for furniture that will receive heavy wear; however, it lacks the pliability and movement that natural fibers offer. Toile is a cotton or linen fabric with a printed design depicting figures or landscapes in a single color. Linen upholstery fabric is another plant derived fiber, and shares many similarities with cotton. Chenille is French for “caterpillar,” chenille has a thick, soft pile and is one of today’s most popular fabrics. It was originally used in the 1800’s to block drafts at doors and windows. Damask is characterized by elaborate floral motifs that are usually monochromatic or a maximum of two colors in matte and polished weave combinations. Ideally, upholstery fabric should compliment your room’s decor and the furniture itself while also proving practical for your needs. Velveteen is made from thick woven cotton and is available with ridges known as corduroy. If comfort is at the top of your priority list, then chenille is the upholstery fabric for you. Determine where your upholstered pieces will be used in the home before buying your upholstery fabric. The Jacquard loom is capable of weaving intricate patterns with many layers and many threads at the same time. Velvet was originally made from silk for royalty. Depending on the weave, cotton blends can be sturdy, family-friendly fabrics. A stain-resistant finish should be applied for everyday use. As spring and summer bloom, linen and cotton in bright, happy tones suit the mood. Viscose is a manufactured fiber belonging to the rayon family, composed of regenerated cellulose. Viscose is characterized by its soft hand and drapability. A large bold upholstery fabric pattern might work better in a larger room, while a smaller pattern might be a happier choice for a smaller space. Leather is a very popular choice as an upholstery fabric, as it is delightfully soft yet resistant to spills and stains. Linen is a very strong and sturdy fabric, even more so than cotton. Pure Aniline or Full Aniline is the most natural type of leather. Backing is a sprayed coating or another layer of fabric applied to the back of fabric. A backing may be needed to give the face fabric more body or to make it more appropriate for upholstery. Wool is obtained from sheep fleece and the term "virgin wool" denotes new, not recycled wool. Wool blends can be spot-cleaned when necessary. Easy-care and less expensive than leather, vinyl is ideal for busy family living and dining rooms and, durability depends on quality. Surface treatments and blending with other fibers often atone for these weaknesses.