-Wednesday, March 13, 2013
Full grain leather is a top grain leather with all its natural texture (grain) intact. Marine furniture requires a significant amount of heat and water resistance, resulting in heavy uses of vinyl and polyester. Some aspects of choosing upholstery fabric might seem pretty obvious like selecting a color. Silks are manufactured by worms. Trevira is a manufactured fiber belonging to the polyester group of fibers. Trevira fabrics are durable, lightfast, and drape well. A special type of Trevira, Trevira CS, is inherently and permanently flame retardant. Today velvet is available in both silk and cotton. Acrylic fibers are also man made and include such brand names as Orlon, Acrilan, Dolan and Dralon. Cotton is a fiber that grows out of a plant and is woven in many forms. The natural fabrics are cotton, linen and silk. Vinyl (Poly Vinyl Chloride) is a manufactured thermoplastic fiber. Vinyl is noted for its strength and ability to resist weathering. Toile de Jouy dates back to 18th century France, and is a cotton print. Upholstery fabrics are designed to take more wear. Rarely used alone in upholstery, polyester is blended with other fibers to add wrinkle resistance, eliminate crushing of napped fabrics, and reduce fading. Olefin is a manufactured fiber that is strong and very lightweight. Jacquard's name comes from the type of weave used to produce the fabric. Cotton is a fabric or yarn made from cotton fibers that have been obtained from the seed pod of the cotton plant. It is soft, breathable, and the most widely used natural fiber. Chenille is also used for bedspreads and garments. Upholstery fabrics are sometimes light enough for window treatments and slipcovers. Some fabrics appear casual, while others might look more formal. Consider the syle of the piece when choosing. Also consider the style of your interior decor. Dry Cleanable is a fabric that is dry cleanable, can be cleaned with chemical solvents instead of water. Acetate offers only fair resistance to soil and tends to wear, wrinkle, and fade in the sun. Durability and use depend on the weave and finish. Damask weaves are formal; canvas (duck and sailcloth) is more casual and more durable. The nap (or hand) of chenille lasts forever. Acrylic is a manufactured fiber made with synthetic materials. Acrylic may have the look of wool, cotton, or other fabric blends. It is colorfast, moth resistant, quick drying, and retains shape. There are many different choices for upholstery fabric. Silk is a delicate fabric and only suitable for adult areas, such as formal living rooms and must be professionally cleaned if soiled. When executed properly, a mix of fabrics can be beautiful. The challenge is to find a few fabrics with a common thread that ties the combination together. Small or dimly lit rooms benefit from the use of plain fabrics, vertically striped fabrics or fabrics with a small motif. Wool is a natural fiber obtained from the fleece of sheep, lamb, Angora goat, or Cashmere goat. Specialty wool fibers are obtained from the camel, alpaca, llama, or vicuna. Wools are characterized by their fine, soft, wavy appearance. Widely used for upholstery, drapery and garments. The right upholstery can completely transform the look and feel of your furniture. Surface treatments and blending with other fibers often atone for these weaknesses. Velvet is a short, dense, cut-pile woven fabric with a luxurious feel and appearance. Viscose is a manufactured fiber belonging to the rayon family, composed of regenerated cellulose. Viscose is characterized by its soft hand and drapability. This natural fiber provides good resistance to wear, fading, and pilling. It is less resistant to soil, wrinkling, and fire. Leather is a very popular choice as an upholstery fabric, as it is delightfully soft yet resistant to spills and stains. Rarely used alone, nylon is usually blended with other fibers to make it one of the strongest upholstery fabrics. Thread count refers to the number of threads per square inch of an upholstery fabric; just like you see when you buy linens for the bed. Linen is a natural fiber obtained from the flax plant. Linen is durable and has a natural luster. Acrylic resists wear, wrinkling, soiling, and fading. Today’s consumer is looking for “natural fabrics” and lots of textural interest. Choosing an upholstery fabric's color is the single biggest factor in fabric selection. Polypropylene is a manufactured fiber that is a type of Olefin. Polypropylene is quick drying, stain resistant, and exceptionally strong. As spring and summer bloom, linen and cotton in bright, happy tones suit the mood. For a slightly retro or timelessly Scottish look, tartan plaid is another superb choice for seat or couch coverings. For the ultimate in spill and stain resistance, however, synthetic fibers such as vinyl are used extensively for uphostery fabric. Consider the size of the pattern on the piece of upholstery fabric. Consider whether it is appropriate for the size of the furniture it is covering, as well as the room size. Wool blends can be spot-cleaned when necessary. Muslin is a plain woven fabric that comes in various weights. Up the Bolt is a fabric that is up the bolt is applied to furniture exactly the way it is made on the roll. This is often necessary to keep designs in the proper direction. Up the bolt fabrics may result in seams on some styles. Cotton is a popular plant based fiber that is used extensively for many kinds of upholstery fabric. Velvet is used in everything from garments and upholstery to bedspreads and drapery. Tapestry is a heavy, flat-woven fabric features elaborate designs appropriate for various uses throughout the home. Jacquard is a fabric having woven patterns such as tapestries, brocades, and damasks. Jacquard designs may be simple or very elaborate.