-Wednesday, March 13, 2013
Acrylic is a manufactured fiber made with synthetic materials. Acrylic may have the look of wool, cotton, or other fabric blends. It is colorfast, moth resistant, quick drying, and retains shape. Generally, wool is blended with a synthetic fiber to make it easier to clean and to reduce the possibility of felting the fibers (causing them to bond together until they resemble felt). Velvet is a short, dense, cut-pile woven fabric with a luxurious feel and appearance. Marine furniture requires a significant amount of heat and water resistance, resulting in heavy uses of vinyl and polyester. Leather furniture can be rather expensive, although the same look can be achieved with the use of fake leather uphostery fabric. Because leather is a natural product, it absorbs dyes and reacts differently to treatments from hide to hide. Velvet was originally made from silk for royalty. Microdenier / Microfiber is a yarn made of fibers that tend to be thinner than a silkworm’s web. Most microfibers are synthetics such as polyester, nylon, acrylic, or rayon. Matelasse is a heavy fabric with a soft hand. Matelasse has the appearance of being puffy or quilted. Low-quality acrylic may pill excessively in areas that receive high degrees of abrasion. It may make more sense to avoid a very bold upholstery fabric color for a smaller room, especially if your furniture piece is also large. Mohair is a very desirable fabric or yarn made from the long silky hair of the Angora goat. Mohair is characterized by its luster and exceptional strength. Damask is a sophisticated, floral-patterned fabric, damask has reversed colors on opposing sides. Railroaded is a fabric that is railroaded is applied to furniture at a 90 degree angle from the way it appears on the roll. Jacquard is a fabric having woven patterns such as tapestries, brocades, and damasks. Jacquard designs may be simple or very elaborate. Jacquard is a heavier fabric that tends to be multicolored and used for upholstery, as well as drapery. Polypropylene is a manufactured fiber that is a type of Olefin. Polypropylene is quick drying, stain resistant, and exceptionally strong. Pure Aniline or Full Aniline is the most natural type of leather. Avoid delicately colored upholstery fabrics around children and pets. i.e. White is going to appear dirty fast. There are natural fabrics such as mohair, wools and cashmeres, which are made from sheered and woven animal fur. Cotton can also be washed. Vinyl (Poly Vinyl Chloride) is a manufactured thermoplastic fiber. Vinyl is noted for its strength and ability to resist weathering. Woven fabric patterns hold up longer than printed ones. The right upholstery can completely transform the look and feel of your furniture. Toile de Jouy dates back to 18th century France, and is a cotton print. Silk has a very soft hand and can be woven into nubby informal textures and shimmering paper-thin sheets. Cotton is the most used fabric in the world. It can breathe. Upholstery fabrics are usually a little heavier and more durable than multi-purpose or drapery-weight fabrics. Is your furniture in a traditionally themed living room that is only used on occasion? Depending on the weave, cotton blends can be sturdy, family-friendly fabrics. A stain-resistant finish should be applied for everyday use. Your upholstery and drapery are what typically give your room that comfort factor that is sometimes hard to achieve. Widely used for upholstery, drapery and garments. Damask can be made of cotton, silk or synthetic fabrics and is commonly used for drapery and upholstery. Leather is a very popular choice as an upholstery fabric, as it is delightfully soft yet resistant to spills and stains. Although it requires an investment, having an extra set of drapery, slipcovers and pillow covers allows you to adapt your interior design to the changing seasons. Silk is derived from silk worms and has been a symbol of luxury since forever. Acetate is a manufactured fiber made of cellulose acetate obtained from wood pulp. Acetate has a soft feel, a luxurious appearance, and drapes well. It resists shrinking, moths, and mildew. Chenille is also used for bedspreads and garments. As spring and summer bloom, linen and cotton in bright, happy tones suit the mood. Velvet has one plush side and one plain woven side. Damask is a lustrous fabric (such as linen, cotton, silk, or rayon) that is characterized by its flat, glossy pattern on a solid background. Full grain leather is a top grain leather with all its natural texture (grain) intact. Wool is a natural fiber obtained from the fleece of sheep, lamb, Angora goat, or Cashmere goat. Specialty wool fibers are obtained from the camel, alpaca, llama, or vicuna. Wools are characterized by their fine, soft, wavy appearance. The natural fabrics are cotton, linen and silk. Rarely used alone in upholstery, polyester is blended with other fibers to add wrinkle resistance, eliminate crushing of napped fabrics, and reduce fading. Linen is a delicate fabric and does not withstand heavy wear; however, linen does resist pilling and fading.