Rayon is a manufactured fiber composed of regenerated cellulose which is processed from wood pulp. Rayon is characterized by it high absorbency, soft hand, and drapability. It can imitate the feel and texture of silk, wool, cotton, or linen. Toile de Jouy dates back to 18th century France, and is a cotton print. Linen is a very strong and sturdy fabric, even more so than cotton. Polypropylene is a manufactured fiber that is a type of Olefin. Polypropylene is quick drying, stain resistant, and exceptionally strong. Rarely used alone in upholstery, polyester is blended with other fibers to add wrinkle resistance, eliminate crushing of napped fabrics, and reduce fading. Silk is so delicate that although it can be hand-washed it is best sent to the dry-cleaners. Boucle is a fabric or yarn with a looped surface. Acrylic is a manufactured fiber made with synthetic materials. Acrylic may have the look of wool, cotton, or other fabric blends. It is colorfast, moth resistant, quick drying, and retains shape. This natural fiber provides good resistance to wear, fading, and pilling. It is less resistant to soil, wrinkling, and fire. What type of upholstery fabric should you choose? Because leather is a natural product, it absorbs dyes and reacts differently to treatments from hide to hide. The nap (or hand) of chenille lasts forever. Boucle can be identified by its curled or looped surface, this material is heavier than many other upholstery fabrics. Up the Bolt is a fabric that is up the bolt is applied to furniture exactly the way it is made on the roll. This is often necessary to keep designs in the proper direction. Up the bolt fabrics may result in seams on some styles. Developed as imitation silk, acetate can withstand mildew, pilling, and shrinking. Railroaded is a fabric that is railroaded is applied to furniture at a 90 degree angle from the way it appears on the roll. Velvet is used in everything from garments and upholstery to bedspreads and drapery. Some aspects of choosing upholstery fabric might seem pretty obvious like selecting a color. Chambray is a lightweight plain weave cotton fabric similar to denim. Chambray is woven on a colored warp with white fill yarns. Wool blends can be spot-cleaned when necessary. Linen is a delicate fabric and does not withstand heavy wear; however, linen does resist pilling and fading. Upholstery fabrics are designed to take more wear as they're usually a little more heavy and more durable than multi-purpose or drapery and curtain weight fabrics. Damask is a lustrous fabric (such as linen, cotton, silk, or rayon) that is characterized by its flat, glossy pattern on a solid background. Upholstering for specific uses, such as in automobiles and boats, generally has a narrower set of upholstery fabric options. Widely used for upholstery, drapery and garments. Low-quality acrylic may pill excessively in areas that receive high degrees of abrasion. Cotton is best ironed when the fabric is damp. Ideally, upholstery fabric should compliment your room’s decor and the furniture itself while also proving practical for your needs. Velveteen is made from thick woven cotton and is available with ridges known as corduroy. If comfort is at the top of your priority list, then chenille is the upholstery fabric for you. Sofas, chairs, and ottomans receiving only moderate amounts of wear will do fine with less durable upholstery fabric. Autos typically are clad in either leather or cloth, ranging from ultra expensive to the very basic. The Jacquard loom is capable of weaving intricate patterns with many layers and many threads at the same time. Chenille upholstery fabric comes in many different styles and colors, including patterns and textures.
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